In the first months, the baby’s nutrition depends on his mother’s milk or only milk substitutes that provide his nutritional needs. After the age of six months and up to the age of two years, the child also eats other foods in addition to breast milk and milk substitutes. Here are all the details below…
Your complete guide in feeding the child!
In the first months, the baby’s nutrition depends only on breast milk or milk substitutes – these are called nutritional compounds for the baby – that provide his nutritional needs. After the age of six months and up to the age of two years, the child also eats other foods in addition to breast milk and milk substitutes.
Signs that your baby is ready to start tasting solid foods:
The child succeeds in raising his head steadily while sitting.
When food is brought to him, he opens his mouth or extends his hands.
The child shows interest in the food of others around him or tries to taste it.
Baby feeding from 6 months to 12 months
From the age of 4 – 5 months, the child can be allowed to taste small amounts of simple food, and at the age of six months, it is possible to move from the stage of tasting to eating these foods. It is important to accustom the child to new foods gradually. He cannot be allowed to eat different types of new foods in one day; Dosage size and gradualness are the most important keys in this field.
It is preferable to wait for a period of at least four days before exposing the child to a new type of food. Under no circumstances is it advisable to incorporate a number of new foods at the same time. This way you can prevent and detect food allergies.
From the age of six months, the child can be given water to drink. He should be given mineral water or cooled boiled water.
The amount of milk or water incorporated into solid foods can be gradually reduced, as the baby gets used to consuming less of them and eating more food.
The first food to start with is a porridge made from cereals that contain high levels of iron, which the baby needs. Another suggestion is that breast milk or milk substitutes can be mixed with semolina porridge.
After that, the child can also be given cornmeal porridge, rice porridge, oatmeal porridge. They are rich in vitamins and minerals that help the baby.
vegetables and fruits. It is best to start with vegetables such as cooked carrots and zucchini, after putting them in the blender. Sweet potatoes and pumpkin are also recommended.
Then the soup can be prepared that contains all the vegetables that the child knows. You can also add a little red turkey, which is rich in iron, to the soup.
fruits. All fruits should be crushed, apples, pears, bananas, cantaloupe, and all combinations of fruits are recommended.
After the child gets used to some vegetables, rice can also be added to the soup.
It is recommended initially to give the child gluten-free foods, and only after that expose him to foods such as pasta, bread, etc.
At the age of eight months, the child can be given two solid meals a day. For example, a serving of fruit and a serving of vegetable soup.
At the age of eight months, you can incorporate more vegetables such as cooked tomatoes, boiled potatoes, onions, celery, and parsley.
Recommendations for feeding a child from the age of 12 months
At this stage, the child enters the “adult world” and eats many of the foods that the rest of the family eats.
The child needs to be trained in social skills. Sit him to eat at a table with the rest of the family.
Breastfeeding should be continued at this age as well, in addition to eating solid food.
From the age of 12 months, the child can be given whole grain products.
Feed the baby in a bowl or plate, not a bottle.
Over time, grind the food and break it into coarser pieces.
It is preferable to give new solid foods in the afternoon hours when the child is alert and hungry.
Establish a consistent eating routine. Consistent eating times are good for developing healthy eating habits and for healthy growth.
At the age of one year, when the baby’s digestive system is mature enough, the baby can be given cow’s milk and eggs. It is preferable to give him the egg yolk at first, then move on to the white and the whole egg.
Milk products, yellow cheese, white cheese. It is preferable to give him milk products with a fat content of 9%, and he can also be given 5%, but it is not preferable to reach very low levels of fat.
The child can be given a little diluted fruit juice, which is a good source of vitamin C and helps in the absorption of iron. Fruit juice should be diluted because it can erode the enamel of the teeth, as well as because of the large amount of sugar in it. It is recommended to prefer the natural juice that is squeezed at home.
It is recommended that the child be exposed to eggs from the age of 11 months before he receives the MMR vaccine because this vaccine contains components of egg white. Therefore, before receiving the vaccine, you must make sure that he is not allergic to eggs.
Do not panic if a child refuses to eat a certain food, like any other person, he also has his own preferences and personal taste. Also, he may accept at a later time to eat the same food that he refused at this moment.
In general, we should know that a healthy diet for a child includes a lot of foods that provide energy: such as rice, bread, pasta, cereals, fruits, and vegetables, etc., and small amounts of meat, poultry, fish, cheese, eggs and legumes, such as lentils.
Baby Feeding Warnings
First of all, you should always stay near the child when eating, in order to notice any problem such as suffocation or allergies.
Honey should not be given to the child before the age of one year, for fear of botulinum bacteria.
Avoid giving the child cow’s milk and eggs before the age of one year, as these may cause an allergic reaction.
Do not add soup powder and salt to the baby soup.
Until the age of one year, it is forbidden to give the child the bites that may cause allergies or choking.
Do not give undercooked eggs to a child, for fear of salmonella bacteria.
Avoid giving the child drinks such as tea coffee, chocolate, which contain extra sugars and caffeine.
On the other hand, you should not exaggerate in eating sweets that may harm the health of his teeth.
Avoid sauces and products as much as possible that may contain a lot of food dyes and preservatives.
Avoid giving strong and hot spices to the child.
Do not exaggerate the meals, the child’s stomach is small, so be sure to take the appropriate dose. Excess to a certain food, such as milk, causes an allergic reaction, diarrhea, and the like.
Avoid giving him sweetened drinks and juices so that the child does not get used to drinking these unhealthy drinks for him.
Avoid foods that may cause suffocation for the child: pistachios and nuts of all kinds, popcorn, raisins, and other foods that may pose a danger to the child.
It is preferable not to give the child very salty foods that may cause him health problems later in life
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