2 methods of fattening children
2.1 Improve children’s appetite
2.2 Adjustment of the quality and quantity of food 3 The rates of normal children’s weights
4 Causes of low weight in children
5 complications and risks of low weight in children
Thinness in children
* During infancy and childhood, body growth is faster than at any other time in life.
* Children need healthy and varied food to meet the needs of their bodies necessary for the growth process,
* Parents care about the weight of their children, and some of them feel that their child’s weight is low.
* It must be taken into account that each child differs in its bone and muscle
structure from the other, and differs in its rate of growth as well.
* The child’s thinness may be due to his genetics and the nature of his body,
and there may be a more serious reason behind this.
* If the child’s weight is noticed suddenly and differs from his previous growth rate, parents are advised to see a doctor.
To determine if the child’s weight is less than normal or not.
Methods for fattening children
ways to get weight for children
In the event that the weight loss is not related to diseases that require medical treatment,
the following tips can be followed to increase the weight of children:
First improve children’s appetite
The problem of lack of appetite is more common among children aged two to six.
* The cause may be natural. As a baby’s need for calories decreases after the first year,
* The causes may be temporary, in which the child’s natural appetite will return with the disappearance of the cause,
such as infections and ulcers of the mouth and tongue, and painful teeth appearing.
* The reasons may be psychological, the child’s feeling of distress or discomfort, or the association of food with disturbing events that may make him lose his appetite for food.
* Also, attention must be paid to the way food is presented to the child, and not forcing him to eat,
* Because the child will feel that eating has become a punishment for him, and the result will be the opposite.
* On the other hand, the following solutions are recommended that can help increase the child’s appetite for food:
1- Not focusing in the conversation with the child on the subject of eating,
and moving away from the method of strictness and threats.
2- Taking into account the child’s preference for more types of food than others,
and involving him in choosing foods to encourage him to eat them.
3 The child’s participation in preparing food will increase his desire to eat it as well.
4 Trying not to feed the child with foods that may be fatty and block his appetite for the main meal between meals,
such as milk and sweets, and drinking water before meals may also contribute to suppressing the child’s appetite.
5- Preparing the child’s plate in attractive and fun shapes and colors, and trying to hide some of the ingredients that he does not like so that they do not appear clearly, or present them in another form that he may prefer.
6- Parents and siblings sit down to eat and make it a time for the family, and encourage the child to eat food indirectly.
second Adjusting the quality and quantity of food
The aim of the following advice is to provide the child with sufficient calories and nutrients to try to reach a normal weight for his age:
- Distribution of meals during the day, where meals are every two to three hours, and they consist of three main meals and two to three snacks.
- Fast food and sweets may contain a large amount of calories, but their content of protein, vitamins and minerals important for growth is low, and they are not a preferred option for raising a child’s weight.
- Choose foods that contain beneficial fats, such as avocados, nuts, and vegetable oils such as olive oil.
- Choose healthy foods that are rich in calories, such as whole milk and its products, especially cheese, eggs, potatoes, and fruit jam.
- Add carbohydrate sources to meals, such as rice, bread, pasta, breakfast cereals, pastries, and pies.
- Choose appropriate snacks, such as ice cream made from milk, banana pieces and fruits with added honey or sugar, and fruit and date salad.
- Butter, mayonnaise, cheese, or peanut butter can be added to dishes to increase their calorie content.
- For infants who have started eating, you can add boiled rice water, or ground rice to meals, or milk prepared for them to increase the calories in it, and starch can be added to the milk.
There are some cases in which the doctor prescribes to the child nutritional supplements high in calories, containing vitamins and minerals, and in the form of syrup, and these supplements are not used unless after consulting a doctor.
Normal baby weights
According to the World Health Organization, the normal weights for Middle Eastern children who were born with normal weights are as follows:
- At birth: the normal weight of the child is between 2.5-4.5 kg, with an average weight: 3.5 kg.
- Six months of age: The normal weight of the child is between 6.5-10 kg, with an average weight: 8 kg.
- One year (12 months): the normal weight of the child is between 8-12 kg, with an average weight: 10 kg.
- Age 2 years (24 months): A normal baby weighs between 10-14.5 kg, with an average weight: 12.3 kg.
- Three years old: The normal weight of the child is between 12-17 kg, with an average weight: 14 kg.
- Four years old: The normal weight of the child is between 14-20 kg, with an average weight: 16 kg.
- Five years old: The normal weight of the child is between 14.5-23 kg, with an average weight: 18 kg.
Causes of low weight in children
There are many reasons that lead to children being underweight than their normal range.
Premature birth of a baby (prematurity).
Low birth weight of the baby.
Other unexpected reasons related to a child’s health:
1- Malnutrition, that is, failure to obtain the necessary quantities of food, at the age of less than one year, the main cause is problems in the breastfeeding process and the infant not getting enough milk,
2- Problems with the digestive system, which may affect the process of absorbing food, or problems with diarrhea or frequent vomiting.
3- Rarely, the cause may be hormone-related diseases, nervous and respiratory problems, chronic kidney and liver diseases, and congenital heart defects.
Complications and risks of low weight in children
In the long term, low weight and insufficient food for a child may lead to the following problems:
- Weakening of the body’s immune system and its ability to fight diseases.
- Slow child growth rate and failure to reach normal height levels for those of his age.
- This may affect the child’s educational and intellectual development.
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