Vomiting in children
Vomiting in children
1 Vomiting in children
2 ways to treat vomiting in children
3 causes of vomiting in children
4 Cases that require a doctor’s review
Vomiting in children
Vomiting is one of the common things, and it is part of many diseases that may affect children and infants.
In fact, vomiting cannot be considered a source of concern, as long as the child appears healthy,
It should be noted that in some cases vomiting may indicate a serious problem.
This requires familiarity with the cases that require immediate medical attention,
In addition to knowing how to deal with vomiting in cases that do not require a visit to the doctor.
Methods for treating vomiting in children
In fact, vomiting in children may cause a loss of fluids, salts, and minerals.
Thus, compensation for her is considered an important matter,
It is worth noting that it is advised to follow the following steps in the event of vomiting in children:
1- Refrain from giving the child milk or any solid foods if he is vomiting.
2- Giving the child small amounts of fluids, according to the following:
About one tablespoon of an oral electrolyte solution, every quarter
to a third of an hour;
While making sure that breastfeeding is short and frequent,
If the infant continues vomiting, it is advised to wait 20-30 minutes.
And then repeat giving him the solution according to the
About one tablespoon to two tablespoons every quarter of an hour,
from an oral electrolyte solution, or diluted juices,
If the child continues vomiting, it is advised to wait 20-30 minutes,
and then repeat the administration of one of the aforementioned fluids.
3- Gradually increase the number of fluids given to the child, once
vomiting stops for a period of 3-4 hours.
4- In cases where vomiting stops for a period of eight hours,
it is recommended to follow the following:
Continue breastfeeding as usual, but in cases where infant formula is used,
It is recommended to start giving him fluids gradually, at a rate
of two to four tablespoons.
Offer them light foods, including rice, apple juice, toast, cereal or crackers.
5- Cases in which vomiting stops for a period of 24 hours:
It is advised to return to a regular diet, but if vomiting recurs during
this period and after following the previous steps, it is recommended
to review a doctor.
Causes of vomiting in children
Vomiting in children is attributed to many factors and causes, including the following:
This condition is the most common cause of vomiting and diarrhea in adults and children.
The symptoms of gastroenteritis are the occurrence
- Mild fever
- Gastroenteritis is caused by many causes, including viruses such as
- Bacteria such as Campylobacter
- Escherichia coli
- Parasites such as Giardia.
2- Food allergy:
Food allergy symptoms appear within minutes or hours of eating a certain food.
Symptoms are nausea, vomiting, a rash,
It should be noted that it is necessary to contact the doctor immediately
if a food allergy leads to the appearance of certain symptoms on the child, such as
- hard breathing
- Mouth or throat swelling.
3- Eat toxic foods or drinks:
In cases where it is believed that this condition is responsible for the occurrence of vomiting in children,
It is advisable to call an ambulance immediately.
Taking care to avoid forcing the child to vomit, or giving him any food or liquids,
Except in cases where advice is directed by the healthcare professional to do so.
4- bacterial meningitis:
This inflammation is a serious infection of the brain.
In fact, the risk of developing this type of infection has decreased since
the Hemophilus influenzae type B vaccine was developed.
It is worth noting that the symptoms of bacterial meningitis are
- High temperature
- Baby screaming
- stiff neck.
5- Reflux or Leakage:
This condition occurs in infants without any effort, unlike vomiting
that requires effort.
It is noticed that this condition occurs after the baby breastfeeds.
It should be noted that the leakage process is a natural process for
infants under the age of one year.
As it helps relieve a full stomach, which causes discomfort.
6- Other reasons:
We mention the following:
- Eat large amounts of foods, especially sweet-tasting or fatty foods.
- Feeling restless, anxious, or tense.
- An obstruction in the intestine.
- Infection with other types of illnesses, including influenza.
- Infection, such as appendicitis.
Cases that require a doctor’s review
It is recommended to see a doctor in the following cases:
1- Signs of dehydration, which are represented
- Dry mouth
- Sunken eyes
- Decreased urination.
2- The emergence of a clear problem with preserving fluids.
3- The appearance of vomit that is yellow-green, or similar to coffee, or contains blood.
4- Feeling stomach pain, stiffness, or swelling.
5- severe irritability.
6- Cases where the infant suffers from strong vomiting.
7- Cases in which the male child suffers from swelling, redness, or pain in the scrotum.
8- Decrease in the rate of weight gain of the child as a result of losing nutrition when vomiting.
9- Coughing or choking.
10- Suffering from heartburn.
11- Noting that the child’s condition is not well.
Tips for dealing with and preventing vomiting
It is important that when a child vomits due to infection, parents are careful
As this condition is highly contagious,
In order to avoid transmitting the infection to parents or family and
friends, it is recommended to follow the following steps:
- Washing hands frequently, it is an effective way to prevent the spread of infection
- Not sending the child to a nursery or school until the vomiting has stopped for a period of 24 hours, in the event that the child vomits due to infection two or more times within 24 hours.
- Wipe down surfaces well using detergents and hot water or sanitizers.
- Wash the dirty sheets and clothes at a high temperature.
- Wash or dispose of any used cleaning equipment.
- Never allow sick children to prepare food.
- Ensure that the sick child does not share his towel with others
* It is normal for the child to spit up after breastfeeding, or he may vomit once after feeding without repeated, and this indicates that there is no cause for concern,
Therefore, it is recommended to follow some points that will reduce milk regurgitation in infants, and these tips include the following:
- Breastfeed the baby in small quantities each time.
- Breastfeed slowly.
- Not to put the child on his own chair during breastfeeding, as it is recommended to carry the child while breastfeeding.
- Using another type of milk bottle or changing the nipple with one with a small opening to reduce air intake during feeding.
- Reducing play and rough activity after feeding the baby.
- Trying to place the baby in different positions during and after breastfeeding.
- Burping the baby frequently during feeding.
- Avoid smoking while carrying or breastfeeding a child, as well as not smoking inside the home or car.
- This is because the infant’s exposure to tobacco smoke makes him vulnerable to various diseases that cause vomiting, so parents are advised to quit smoking.
The content of the submitted articles, including all text, graphics,
images, and other materials, is provided for educational purposes only.
The information provided is not a substitute for professional
medical advice or professional diagnosis.
Moreover, the information on this website should not be taken as
final medical advice in relation to any case or individual situation.
We strongly recommend that you always seek the advice of your doctor
or other qualified health service provider with any questions you may
have regarding any medical condition, your general health, or the health of your child.
Could you please share the article?