Viral skin rash diseases in children

Viral skin rash diseases in children


Viral skin rash diseases in children


1 rash

2 Viral rashes in children

3 Chickenpox

4 Molluscum Contagiosum

5 Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease

6 Herpetic Vulgaris

7 cold sores

8 Pityriasis Rosea

9 references

Skin Rash

The rash is a swelling and irritation in an area of ​​the skin that causes one of these symptoms:

  • A troublesome itch
  • Redness
  • Pain
  • Sometimes it causes pimples and spots

The skin is the natural barrier between the body and the external environment around it.

It may undergo some changes when there is an external factor that irritates the skin, and among these changes is the rash,

 We can say that the rash is caused by exposure to allergens or irritants,

Or the rash could be a symptom of a health problem,

Also, genetic factors can increase the chances of developing a rash in some children,

the cause of the rash before you begin treating it.

Viral skin rash diseases in children

Viral Infections may cause a rash in young children.

This rash is usually harmless and disappears on its own without the need for special treatment.

In this context, it is indicated that enteroviruses such as Coxsackieviruses that cause herpangina and hand, foot, and mouth disease, are one of the most common causes of fever and rashes in children.

It is noteworthy that the rashes caused by measles, rubella, and chickenpox have become less common due to children receiving vaccines that protect against these diseases.

  • We previously talked in detail about some of the viral causes that cause rashes, such as:
  • Roseola Infantum
  • Erythema infectiosum
  • Measles
  • Rubella

In this article, we will continue talking about the other viral causes of rashes in children, as follows:

  • Chickenpox
  • Molluscum Contagiosum
  • Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease
  • Herpetic Vulgaris
  • Cold sores
  • Pityriasis Rosea


Chickenpox is a common disease that affects children as a result of infection with Varicella zoster virus.

It may be transmitted by:

  1. air; As the virus can survive in the air for several hours,
  2. Direct contact with a person infected with this infection,
  3. Touching any contaminated object that contains the virus that causes chickenpox,

It enters the body through the nose or mouth, and the infection and its symptoms develop after two to three weeks of contact with the infected person,

A pregnant woman can also transmit the infection to her fetus during pregnancy or after childbirth,

The rash from chickenpox is characterized by flat pink spots that turn into small, itchy, fluid-filled blisters.

As these spots turn into blisters, other blisters will appear, and in general the rash appears a day or two after infection in any area of ​​the body; including:

  • First: inside the mouth
  • Second: the scalp
  • Third: the face
  • Fourth: the lower body, arms, and legs

It is worth noting that some children suffer from a small number of pimples, but others may have the number of pimples to about 500 pimples,

Although it is usually light, it is not comfortable for the child.

It is noteworthy that the blisters dry up within 4-5 days, forming crusts,

Often the case of chickenpox is controlled at home, except in cases where the child suffers from some complications. Like

Dehydration, and persistence of fever four days after the appearance of the first patch of rash,

Or if the child becomes very lethargic or irritable,

Then the situation may require medical care,

Also, chickenpox is easy to spread, as it may spread two days before the appearance of the rash, and therefore the infection may be transmitted to others without the person realizing that he has the infection.

Molluscum contagiosum:

It is considered one of the viral diseases of the skin and infectious in a simple way,

And it is transmitted by touching the skin of the child to the skin of a person with this infection,

This condition is most common in humid and hot regions, but it is found in all parts of the world.

It is a common disease in children and adolescents and causes small pink or skin-colored bumps.

And it tends to contain a small center it, and these bumps may be separate or in groups.

They are more noticeable if they appear on the child’s face or any other visible area.

It is not considered a dangerous disease and often has no other symptoms.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease:

It occurs as a result of a viral infection caused by Coxsackievirus A16

Which belongs to the group of non-polio enteroviruses,

It is one of the diseases that affect all age groups, but it is more common in young children, especially those under the age of 10 years.

also, an infectious disease and it spreads easily, and the oral route is the main source of infection for the Coxsackie virus,

also transmitted by:

Sneezing and coughing spray from a sick person

Nasal and throat secretions, and saliva

Fluid for blisters and ulcers

Through feces

 Therefore, the affected child should be kept away from mixing with other children in school or nursery until he is well.

The immune system in the child’s body usually needs between seven and ten days to get rid of the infection,

The incubation period for the virus is five days after exposure to it,

Infection with the Coxsackie virus also results in a moderate fever that lasts for a day or two

Then a rash in the form of spots, sores in the mouth, and blisters on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet,

In less common cases, the rash may spread to other areas such as the lower legs, the genital area, and the buttocks.

And this disease is accompanied by the child’s feeling unwell and loss of appetite,

For this, it is necessary to make sure that the child drinks a lot of fluids while offering him soft foods such as milk, soup, and mashed potatoes, especially if he feels uncomfortable eating and swallowing.

Herpetic Vulgaris

Also known as herpetic diphtheria, which affects infants and children between the ages of three and ten years.

And it spreads all over the world, especially in areas dominated by tropical climates,

And during the fall and summer, it is an acute febrile disease that results in blisters and sores on the roof of the mouth and the back of the throat,

It increases the risk of premature labor and low birth weight if pregnant women are infected with this virus.

cold sores

Also called fever blisters, it is a contagious viral disease caused by the herpes simplex virus.

 It results in a group of small pimples that appear around the mouth and on the lips,

The skin around the blisters is often sore, swollen, and red in color.

The blisters may burst and a clear liquid comes out of them, and then the pimples will peel off after several days.

The patient usually recovers from it after several days to two weeks.

However, once infected with the virus, it remains in the skin for the rest of its life and it is possible to become infected again.

Pityriasis rosea

Which causes a large, rough, scaly patch that resembles the patches that appear in ringworm cases,

In cases of pityriasis rosea, scaly patches appear at the beginning of the rash, followed by the appearance of oval-shaped, pink spots that spread over the child’s trunk, legs and arms,

It may cause mild itching that can last for several weeks or months.

But it does not cause any other symptoms.

It is not known what is the exact cause of pityriasis rosea, as it may be caused by viruses

Or as a result of a reaction to a previous viral infection,

The case of rosacea does not need to be treated, except for some treatments to relieve itching if the condition requires it.

It is also not classified as a serious disease.

İmportant notice:

The content of the submitted articles, including all text, graphics, images, and other materials, is provided for educational purposes only.

The information provided is not a substitute for professional medical advice or professional diagnosis.

Moreover, the information on this website should not be taken as a final medical advice in relation to any case or individual situation.

We strongly recommend that you always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health service provider with any questions you may have regarding any medical condition, your general health, or the health of your child.


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