Babies need meals made of the four basic food groups:
- Proteins, such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and legumes.
- Dairy products.
- Vegetables and fruits.
- Grains and starches, such as potatoes, rice, pasta, and bread.
There are a number of important nutrients that should be included in your child’s diet:
- Calcium: It is one of the most important nutrients for bone growth and strength, and among the most important calcium-rich foods are milk, yogurt, and cheeses. It is also important to provide your child with what enhances calcium absorption, which is vitamin “C”, and proteins that are available in meat, eggs, milk, dairy products, legumes, grains, and nuts, for example, you can Offering one or two eggs per week to a three-year-old.
- Magnesium is found in nuts and seeds, such as bulgur.
- Vitamin “E”, which is very important for strengthening the body’s immunity, is found in olive oil, corn oil and sunflower oil.
- Potassium, which is found in oranges, bananas, and dates, is important for the balance of blood pressure and the functioning of the circulatory system, meaning the heart and blood vessels.
- Iron is important for the production of red blood cells, the growth of the brain in children, the strength of the skin and nails, and the health and safety of hair. It is available in green leafy vegetables such as mallow and spinach. It is also important to have vitamin C with it to facilitate iron absorption.
Here we will talk about Iron-rich foods,(nutrients a child needs):
Iron-rich foods to prevent anemia in children:
- Milk: Milk contains many important nutrients, ranging from protein to many other nutrients. You can serve it in its regular form or with fruits and various additives such as cocoa and others, according to your child’s preference.
- Legumes: It is very important to take care to protect children well from iron deficiency anemia, as many children suffer from iron deficiency anemia, which is the inability to produce sufficient amounts of hemoglobin, which causes a decrease in the production of cells Red blood, give him legumes, albeit in a different form, like lentil soup in the winter.
- Eggs: Offer eggs to your child. Eggs are rich in many nutrients, especially iron and calcium, which are important for building the skeleton and muscles.
- Vegetables: Offer your child green vegetables, such as spinach and molokhia, or iron-rich varieties such as Sweet potatoes, Broccoli, Kale, Peas, in different forms of food if your child likes them, or with soup or something else.
- Fruits: Offer your baby fruits rich in iron, such as apples and bananas.
- Meat: Especially red meat is one of the foods rich in iron. You can offer it to your child in the form of ground meat, whether with foods, kofta, or even mashed small pieces with soup.
Here’s a guide to iron needs at different ages:
|The recommended amount of iron a day||Age group|
|11 mg||7 – 12 months|
|7 mg||1 – 3 years|
|10 mg||4 – 8 years|
|8 mg||9 – 13 years|
|15 mg||14 – 18 years, girls|
|11 mg||14 – 18 years, boys|
Important advice in feeding children (The nutrients that the child needs)
When feeding your baby, you should know the following points:
- The amount mentioned in the tables is suitable for normal children of normal weight, sometimes some children need more food due to the speed of their metabolism, so they do not gain extra weight, so there is no objection to an additional meal than the meals mentioned in the feeding tables.
- The child’s growth, weight, height, and head circumference must be monitored with the family doctor to ensure its proper and normal growth.
- Do not force your child to refuse more food, and offer him meals from time to time, as he may not be able to express his hunger.
- Never give your child sweets, chips, soft drinks, and all such harmful things.
All the articles that we provide to you are general medical information, so we provide health education on some topics that the mother or family needs, but each child has a special case so that we stress that no action is taken without returning to the family doctor.
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