Symptoms of vitamin B deficiency in children

Symptoms of vitamin B deficiency in children


1 Vitamin B deficiency

2 Symptoms of vitamin B deficiency in children

2.1 General symptoms of deficiency of B vitamins

2.2 Symptoms specific to the type of vitamin

3 Foods rich in vitamin B.

4 The importance of vitamin B to the body

5 Vitamin B test

6 References

Vitamin B deficiency

The vitamin B complex group is included in the group of water-soluble vitamins, and this group includes:

  1. Vitamin B1, known as thiamine
  2. B2, known as Riboflavin
  3. B3, also known as niacin,
  4. B5, known as Pantothenic acid,
  5. B6, also known as Pyridoxine hydrochloride (in English: Pyridoxine),
  6. B7, known as Biotin
  7. B9, also called folic acid
  8. B12, known as cobalamins.

Studies indicate an increase in the incidence of children with vitamin B deficiency at present, more than what was previously expected.

It is worth noting that vitamin B deficiency is often accompanied by the appearance of non-specific symptoms such as:

  • Delayed growth
  • Suffering from the loss of appetite and irritability
  • Neurological problems appear in the affected child
  • The feeling of general weakness in the body

A child is considered to have a vitamin B deficiency if the level of vitamin B12 is below 229 picol / liter.

In fact, vitamin B plays an important role in the functions of various organs and tissues of the body, such as:

  • the heart
  • Nerves
  • Muscles
  • In addition to its important role in the digestive system
  • Nervous system
  • Endocrine system
  • It is also important in the formation of red blood cells
  • And regulate appetite
  • Organizing the process of growth and development
  • Control metabolism.

Symptoms of vitamin B deficiency in children

A person with a deficiency of B vitamins has many general symptoms.

In addition to the emergence of some special symptoms associated with a deficiency in the level of one of these vitamins in particular,

The following is a statement and detail of these symptoms:

General symptoms of deficiency of B vitamins

The following will review the symptoms of a deficiency of the group of B vitamins in children in general:

  • Feeling weak and general physical fatigue.
  • Suffering from loss of appetite.
  • Delayed development.
  • Irritability and nervousness.
  • A decline in development occurs.
  • Feeling of numbness and burning.
  • Having seizures.
  • Problems with memory and concentration.
  • Changes in personality.
  • Feeling sad and depressed.
  • Anemia.
  • Headache.
  • Jaundice
  • Suffering from vomiting
  • Feeling sick.
  • Hyperpigmentation.
  • Low platelet count (Thrombocytopenia).
  • A decrease in the number of white blood cells (Leukopenia).
  • Making involuntary movements.
  • The emergence of symptoms such as symptoms of paralysis.
  • Suffering from grogginess and lack of muscle control.
  • Decreased sense of touch.
  • Sore tongue.

Symptoms specific to the type of vitamin

The following is a detailed statement of the symptoms of deficiency of each type of B vitamin:

First: Vitamin B1 and Vitamin B2:

The deficiency of vitamin B1 and vitamin B2 is rare.

Where most people eat well foods rich in these two types of vitamin B,

However, drinking alcohol leads to their deficiency,

As a result, cracks appear on both sides of the mouth.

In addition to the emergence of confusion and confusion in children.

Second: Vitamin B3:

Vitamin niacin deficiency causes some problems in the digestive process, such as:

Feeling sick

The emergence of cramps in the abdomen

Severe deficiency may cause mental disorders.

Third: Vitamin B6:

Vitamin B6 deficiency can lead to anemia.

And the appearance of skin problems such as:

Skin rash

Cracks around the mouth and its deficiency can lead to feelings of depression and nausea and increases susceptibility to infection.

Fourth: Vitamin B9:

Vitamin B9 deficiency may cause diarrhea and anemia.

It should be noted that pregnant women with a folic acid deficiency may have children with birth defects.

Also, excess folic acid in women during pregnancy leads to children with neurological problems.

Fifthly: Vitamin B12:

Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to a feeling of tingling in the feet and hands, a feeling of extreme fatigue and general weakness, in addition to a feeling of irritability and depression.

Food rich in vitamin B.

Vitamin B complex is found in many foods.

In what follows, we will review the most important sources of food rich in it:

Vitamin B1:

Most people get the necessary amount of vitamin B1 by eating cereal for breakfast.

 Vitamin B2:

Vitamin B2 is found in whole grains, milk, eggs, and vegetables, especially green vegetables.

Vitamin B3:

Chicken, fish, liver, lean meats, whole grains, and peanuts are rich in vitamin B3.

Vitamin B6:

Vitamin B6 is widely found in fortified cereals, fruits, and vegetables.

Vitamin B9:

Vitamin B9 can be obtained from meats, whole and fortified grains, as well as citrus fruits, fish, liver and kidneys, leafy greens, beets, and legumes.

Vitamin B12:

Vitamin B12 is found in fish, poultry, red meat, dairy products, eggs, and grains.

The importance of vitamin B to the body

Vitamin B group is extremely important in the body.

Therefore, it should be obtained from rich food sources;

Because the body is unable to manufacture it on its own,

It should be noted that each of the eight B vitamins has an important and unique role in the body,

It is worth noting that the B vitamins act as cofactors to operate some enzymes.

Vitamin B3 is a good example of this.

Where it represents an important cofactor in many enzymatic reactions in the body.

Which works to produce the energy required for the metabolic activity in the cell,

Vitamin B6 is another example of this.

It aids general enzyme reactions such as:

Hemoglobin, histamine, and serine production

Vitamin B plays an important role in the healthy functions of various organs in the body, such as:

  • the heart
  • Nerves
  • Muscles
  • Digestive
  • Nervous system
  • Endocrine system
  • Red blood cell formation,

In addition, vitamin B helps the body regulate appetite, growth, and development, and carry out metabolism.

Vitamin B test

Vitamin B deficiency can be detected through:

Conducting many laboratory tests for people who suffer from the previously mentioned symptoms,

And for people with a risk factor for vitamin B deficiency.

It is worth noting that blood tests cannot determine whether a deficiency is caused by:

Not taking enough vitamins or

There is a problem absorbing nutrients.

İmportant notice:

The content of the submitted articles, including all text, graphics, images, and other materials, is provided for educational purposes only.

The information provided is not a substitute for professional medical advice or professional diagnosis.

Moreover, the information on this website should not be taken as final medical advice in relation to any case or individual situation.

We strongly recommend that you always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health service provider with any questions you may have regarding any medical condition, your general health, or the health of your child.


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