A heart attack can happen to people of any age, but it is more common in adults. More than 6 million Americans have heart disease. Many times, there are no symptoms.
But some warning signs include chest pain, shortness of breath, and jaw or neck pain. If you experience any of these symptoms for more than 10 minutes, call 911 right away.
A heart disease diagnosis is determined by an electrocardiogram (EKG), blood tests, and imaging studies like echocardiography or an MRI.
Doctors may also recommend a CT scan or genetic testing to diagnose the disease. Treatment depends on the type of heart dis
What is heart disease?
Heart disease is the term that doctors use to describe the heart’s physical condition, heart function, and its ability to pump blood to the body.
Many of the medications used to treat heart disease treat symptoms and heart function, but not the underlying condition. Heart disease can have many causes and symptoms, which can differ by age and sex.
Symptoms of heart disease
Some common symptoms of heart disease in adolescents and methods of diagnosis are:
Trouble breathing Tiredness Sudden episodes of vomiting or stomach pain Shortness of breath Chest pain Palpitations Lethargy Feeling anxious Decreased sweating Irregular heartbeat Feeling dizzy, lightheaded, or light-headedness Being short of breath Feeling fainting Slurred speech Confusion or memory loss If you think you have a heart condition, call your doctor right away.
A heart disease diagnosis can be difficult. Remember, symptoms can appear after a heart attack, and early diagnosis is key.
Diagnosing heart disease
The early signs of heart disease can be mistaken for other conditions. These are some of the signs that you should seek medical attention right away:
Chest pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, palpitations, sweating, irregular heartbeat, or fatigue Blood pressure changes Not wanting to get out of bed or being unable to lift more than 10 pounds Low-back, arm, or jaw pain Weight loss or sudden weight gain Fainting, coldness, or weakness Heart disease can also be diagnosed by asking your doctor questions. It may be difficult to detect certain heart diseases in young people because they might not have any symptoms.
If you are 15 years old or younger, you should talk to your doctor about your symptoms.
Treatment for various types of heart diseases
Treatment depends on the severity of the heart disease and how well your heart is working. Your doctor will monitor your blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar.
In some cases, medication may be needed. It’s important to have your blood pressure monitored and try to control your cholesterol levels with lifestyle changes.
In other cases, you may need surgery. Treating heart disease depends on whether the disease has caused organ damage.
Types of heart disease in children Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among children.
Only an estimated 10 percent of children have their blood tested for high cholesterol. Many of these children are at risk for a heart attack or stroke in the future. Treatment of high cholesterol in children 1.
Heart disease is a leading killer of American adults, but it’s preventable. The Mayo Clinic has a guide to help prevent heart disease.
Avoid smoking, limit alcohol, get regular exercise, and eat healthy foods.
Do these things and you can lower your risk of heart disease, stroke, and other heart-related issues.