An enlarged heart is a condition where the heart becomes too large and can’t pump blood as efficiently.
There are many different causes of an enlarged heart, but in children, the most prevalent cause is cardiomyopathy.
The symptoms of cardiomyopathy depend on the severity of the condition. If left untreated, cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure and death.
Fortunately, there are ways to diagnose and treat the condition before it gets worse.
Here’s what you need to know about cardiomyopathy in children and how it’s diagnosed and treated.
What is cardiomyopathy?
Cardiomyopathy is the name for an enlarged heart that doesn’t pump blood as efficiently as it should.
Cardiomyopathy is the name for an enlarged heart that doesn’t pump blood as efficiently as it should. The heart is the major pumping organ of the human body.
It pumps blood through the circulatory system of the body to deliver oxygen-rich blood to organs and tissues throughout the body.
The heart has chambers, which allow the heart to fill with blood and beat in a regular rhythm. The heart’s chambers are divided into the left and right sides, and the ventricles.
Ventricles are the chambers where blood is pumped out.
Cardiomyopathy is a condition that involves the heart’s pumping chambers becoming enlarged, stiff, and less efficient than they should be.
Cardiomyopathy symptoms in children
Cardiomyopathy is a condition that causes the heart to become enlarged, and the ability of the heart to pump blood through the body can be diminished.
Here are some symptoms that may indicate cardiomyopathy in your child. Difficulty breathing Chest pain Shortness of breath Feeling fatigued or light-headed Sudden fatigue Fatigue after playing or exercising Shortness of breath It’s important to note that some children are more likely to experience these symptoms than others.
Some kids may be short of breath due to underlying conditions, such as asthma, while others may be simply having an “anomaly” in their hearts.
The doctor may ask you if your child has been hospitalized recently.
The main symptom of cardiomyopathy is an enlargement of the heart.
There may also be certain symptoms, such as shortness of breath, weakness, chest pain, sweating, and palpitations. In order to diagnose cardiomyopathy, a doctor will order imaging tests.
These can include an electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram, or ultrasound.
The doctor will also likely order blood tests to evaluate the heart’s activity and to look for signs of abnormal function.
Doctors may also perform a cardiac catheterization to check for a narrowing of the pulmonary arteries.
Treatment for cardiomyopathy depends on the extent of the condition. Treatment is usually targeted at keeping the heart from growing any larger and to keep it pumping as well as possible.
Doctors have a number of medications that can reduce symptoms and prevent heart failure. These medications can also slow the heart rate, which allows for enough blood to reach the brain, heart, and other organs.
Medications for cardiomyopathy include Lovenox injections Sotalol Aldactone Anabolic steroids Lapatinib Sedatonium bromide Other drugs, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, ventricular assist devices, and devices that help bypass the heart are also used to treat cardiac conditions.
Medication treatment usually involves multiple doses given daily or weekly. If these are unable to control the enlarged heart, doctors may recommend cardiac catheterization, which involves inserting a tiny device through the groin to open a blood vessel in the heart.
It’s true: Being a young athlete can be great for your body and mind. Research suggests that children who play sports have a lower risk of developing heart disease later in life.
As long as your child can pass a pre-participation physical exam, chances are they’ll be just fine.