Symptoms and causes of Seizures in Children

Symptoms and causes of Seizures in Children


1 seizure

2 Symptoms of seizure in children

3 types of seizure in children

3.1 Focal fits

3.2 Generalized nervous seizures

3.3 Other types

4 causes of seizure

5 Triggers for seizures

6 References

Seizures in Children


Symptoms and Causes of Seizures in Children

Seizure is caused by a sudden and abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

Seizures can be divided into two main types:

1- Focal seizures

These are called partial seizures that occur due to abnormal electrical activity in only one part of the brain.

2- Generalized seizures

That occurs due to abnormal electrical activity on both sides of the brain,

It is worth noting that most seizures last from 30 seconds to two minutes and do not cause permanent damage to the person,

However, if the seizure continues for more than five minutes

Or in the event of several repeated episodes without the affected person being awakened between them, then it is considered a health emergency that requires medical intervention,

A person is considered to have Epilepsy if the recurrent seizures are caused by a brain disorder.

Symptoms and Causes of Seizures in Children

Symptoms of seizure in children

The symptoms of seizures may be similar to some other types of neurological disorders in children

Therefore, it is worth seeing a doctor if one of these symptoms appears on children,

The signs and symptoms associated with seizures in children also depend mainly on the type of seizure.

The following is an explanation of some of these symptoms:

  • Unconsciousness.
  • Trembling of the arms and legs.
  • Body stiffness.
  • Gazing.
  • Loss of bladder control.
  • Sudden falls without an apparent cause, especially if you lose consciousness.
  • Not responding to sounds or words for short periods.
  • Trouble breathing, or complete stopping of breathing.
  • The child appears confused or confused.
  • Moving the head rhythmically, especially in the event of loss of consciousness.
  • Eye movement is fast and strange.

Types of seizure in children

First: focal seizures

Focal seizures occur as a result of abnormal electrical activity in a specific area of ​​the brain, as we mentioned earlier,

The child may have a strange feeling that includes changes in:

  • Hearing
  • Vision
  • smell sense

Just before having this type of seizure,

What distinguishes this type of nervousness is that it does not usually last for more than one minute.

In fact, the symptoms associated with it depend on the affected area of ​​the brain.

Second: generalized seizures

Generalized nerve seizures are caused by abnormal electrical activity on both sides of the brain.

The following is an explanation of some of the types of nerve seizures that fall under this type of seizure and some of the symptoms that accompany them:

1- Absence seizures

This type of seizure mainly affects children aged 4-12 years.

It appears in the form of bouts of staring and a change in the level of consciousness and perception of the child for a period of no more than 30 seconds

However, it may happen several times per day,

It may be accompanied by showing movements in the face, eyes, and lips,

It is worth noting that the child may not remember what happened to him during the seizure and may act as if nothing had happened.

2- Tonic seizures:

This type of seizure causes stiffness throughout the body or certain parts of the body.

You may cause the child to fall to the ground.

3- Atonic seizures

This type of seizure causes loss of muscle control. This causes the victim to collapse or fall suddenly.

Third: other types

There are a number of other types of nervous seizures that may affect children as well, including the following:

1- Infantile spasm:

Infantile spasm is a rare type of convulsion that affects children in the first year of life.

They usually appear as short periods of spasms for a few seconds in the neck, trunk, or legs.

Especially while a child is awake, or while trying to sleep,

Although they last for a few seconds, these attacks may occur hundreds of times per day.

It may cause a host of serious long-term health complications.

2- Status epilepticus:

Epilepsy is a medical emergency that may require hospitalization and is characterized by the continuous seizure of convulsions for a period of more than 30 minutes or more.

3- Febrile seizures

These seizures occur in children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years of age due to their having a fever.

They appear as muscle cramps or spasms and in some cases, it can be hereditary.

Causes of seizure

There are many different causes of diseases and head injuries that may lead to one type of seizure.

Among these cases are the following:

  • Being hit in the head.
  • Trauma during childbirth.
  • Some congenital diseases.
  • Poisoning.
  • fever,
  • Infection
  • Brain tumors.
  • Mother’s infection with some diseases during pregnancy.
  • Heredity.
  • Degenerative brain disorders.
  • brain attack.
  • Some metabolic problems, and chemical imbalances in the body.
  • Alcohol or drugs.
  • The use of some types of medicine.

Symptoms and Causes of Seizures in Children

Seizure triggers

There are many triggers that can contribute to a seizure.

People with epilepsy may notice a number of special triggers that contribute to their epileptic seizure.

Avoiding these triggers helps them reduce the incidence of nervous attacks.

The following is an explanation of some common triggers:

  • Lack of sleep.
  • the disease
  • Have a fever
  • Nervous tension
  • Flashing or flashing lights
  • Drink beverages that contain caffeine or alcohol.
  • Using some types of medication.
  • Skipping meals
  • Overeating
  • Eat certain types of food.

İmportant notice:

The content of the submitted articles, including all text, graphics, images, and other materials, is provided for educational purposes only.

The information provided is not a substitute for professional medical advice or professional diagnosis.

Moreover, the information on this website should not be taken as final medical advice in relation to any case or individual situation.

We strongly recommend that you always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health service provider with any questions you may have regarding any medical condition, your general health, or the health of your child.



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