Spinal curvature in children causes many health complications, which you learn about in this article.
Spinal curvature in children: causes and treatment methods
In the following, we will learn about the causes of scoliosis in children and the complications arising from it:
Spinal curvature in children
The spine is the most important pillar on which the human body depends for its balance, flexibility, and the performance of its natural movements. It is a group of bony vertebrae linked by soft tissues called cartilage, and often simple bends do not cause any problems, but large bends may cause damage to human health. And other complications, and sometimes scoliosis may appear in children after birth or in the early stages of their lives.
It is worth noting that if the angle of curvature on one side of the spine exceeds ten degrees to take the shape of a letter (S) or (C), then what is called scoliosis appears.
Causes of scoliosis in children
In most cases, the true cause of curvature in children or scoliosis may not be known, as the injury appears either directly at birth or in later life stages, and it often affects females in a greater proportion than male children, and among the possible causes of scoliosis in children We mention the following:
Hereditary factors linked to the family.
Incidence of some cancerous tumors.
Nervous system problems, such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy.
There is a difference in height between the two men.
Other factors, such as infection, accidents, and injuries.
Symptoms of scoliosis in children
Although symptoms vary somewhat from child to child, common symptoms of scoliosis may include:
There is a difference in the height of the shoulder bone.
A difference in the location or height of the hip.
There is a difference in the height of the sides of the back when bending forward.
There is a difference between the arms when straightening.
The head is not centered in the middle of the body.
Diagnosis of scoliosis in children
A child is diagnosed with scoliosis by asking about the health history and doing a clinical examination. The Adam forward bend test is done to determine the type of injury. Several examinations or tests are done, such as:
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
CT scan (CT scan).
The angle or degree of deviation of the spine is measured using the Cobb Method, named after its inventor, John Cobb, where the severity of the condition is determined based on the number of degrees.
Treatment of scoliosis in children
Scoliosis is usually treated depending on the child’s general health, the child’s age, severity of the condition, and apparent symptoms. Scoliosis treatment aims to prevent further deformation or deformation of the spine. Scoliosis treatment includes the following:
It is resorted to during the period of bone growth or in the event that the degree of curvature is simple, where the child wears a plastic brace day and night to limit the development of the condition until puberty is exceeded.
If the condition progresses to more than 45 degrees and the effectiveness of the brace is not proven, the doctor may have to perform a surgical operation in which some of the vertebrae are attached to bone-like parts to limit their movement.
Complications of scoliosis in children
Scoliosis may sometimes lead to several complications, especially if the condition is not followed up and treated. The most important of these complications are:
Chronic back pain.
Aesthetic problems are related to appear when the condition worsens.
Damage to the heart or lungs, as a result of pressure in the rib cage, which leads to difficulty breathing.
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