Some signs can alert parents, teachers, and family members that a child is being bullied
- low immunity (they get sick a lot);
- Anxiety disorder symptoms.
- Persistent and apparent sadness, discouragement, and lack of motivation;
- constant crying
- Headache and stomach pain.
- Frequent occurrence of thrush.
- object losses
- wounds in the body
- He doesn’t have many friends.
- There is no reason to leave the house.
He is rarely invited by friends to social events;
school performance declines;
He doesn’t feel like going to class and always makes excuses;
Mood changes frequently.
Child bullying: the consequences
Nicknames hurt. Persecution hurts. Threats frighten. Bullying is one of the biggest causes of childhood stress, depression, anxiety disorder, panic syndrome, and suicide. A survey published in the scientific journal Pediatrics provided a troubling finding: The number of children and teens hospitalized for attempted suicide has doubled in less than a decade.
Childhood depression, for example, is something that has not received due attention in the past, due to the difficulty of differentiating symptoms of illness from other conditions, such as anxiety and phobias. Among young children, it manifests through nightmares, excessive crying and learning difficulties, among other things.
In addition to illnesses, a child who suffers or has been bullied “we also find these young people who carry with them the trauma of abuse into adulthood. They become anxious, insecure, depressed, or even aggressive adults. They tend to reproduce the violence they experienced in the school environment, in their professional and/or family relationships”, says psychologist Ana Beatriz Barbosa. This is even reflected in nurturing vengeful feelings that lead to sad and violent situations that grab the headlines.
Increasingly, children and teens are taking revenge on their abusers with guns in hand and victims. One of the most famous cases was the Columbine massacre, in which two teenagers, victims of bullying, plotted an attack on the school where they studied in Colorado, USA, killing 12 students and one teacher and leaving 21 victims. At the end of the attack, the boys committed suicide.
How do we fight to bully?
Anti-bullying began in a broad and intense way in the 1990s after extensive research conducted by Norwegian researcher Dan Oleoios, of Berger University, and the publication of his book Bullying in School. This had major repercussions and anti-bullying campaigns were created, which reduced the problem by 50% in a short time.
One of the main ways to manage and defeat bullying practices through the active participation of schools is to raise awareness and prepare teachers who are able to identify bullying among students and develop strategies on how to end bullying in schools. However, in Brazil, we still fail to encourage the preparation of professionals to support students who present some kind of problem. Ana Beatriz Barbosa Silva explains: “This situation is partly due to a lack of knowledge, but above all, to omission, self-indulgence and a great deal of denial of the existence of this phenomenon.”
The family base is vital. Family and close people need to live with their children and always bet on communication, dialogue, and space for them to express themselves. “Before scolding children, it is necessary to listen to them with a sincere desire to help them”
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