Pregnancy week by week: symptoms, stages and formation of the fetus

Pregnancy week by week: symptoms, stages and formation of the fetus

Pregnancy is the name given to the entire period of time from the fertilization of an egg by a sperm to the moment of birth. In this process, the development of the child occurs.

Pregnancy is a natural reproductive process of the species. It happens to all animals and plants. In humans, the normal duration is up to 40 weeks, which is equivalent to 9 calendar months.

Science aside, pregnancy is a beautiful moment, long-awaited by the parents and which brings a lot of joy.

Having a baby is not just about pregnancy and giving birth after 9 months. This involves many hormonal, psychological and financial changes in a couple’s life.

Week 1: How does pregnancy happen?

Menstruation and pregnancy

In the normal menstruation process, which lasts an average of 28 days, a mature egg is released in the middle of this process (about the 14th day). This egg travels from the ovary to the fallopian tube toward the uterus, where it awaits fertilization. If it is not fertilized, the cycle begins again.

The first week can be calculated from the first day of menstruation. Doctors use this today to predict the likely date of delivery (DPP).

If you are planning to become pregnant or fear that you might be pregnant, make sure you take folic acid (vitamin B9) and prenatal vitamins (B12, C, D, E), these nutrients are essential in this start, for your little one. One has great growth.

Talk to your doctor so he can recommend appropriate nutritional supplements for admission to maternity hospitals.

In this week, the woman’s body prepares for the second week of fertilization.

Operation: ovulation.

Pregnancy days: 7 days.

Second week: How is the pregnancy process going?

In the second week, a woman’s body prepares for fertilization, releasing the hormones that allow ovulation and the conditions necessary to have a baby.

The changes that occur are:

The lining of the uterus thickens to accommodate the new fetus;

Ovarian follicles mature until one of them becomes dominant;

Hormones are released so that the dominant follicle releases the egg for fertilization;

cervical mucus becomes softer, fluid and watery, like egg white, to facilitate the life of sperm;

The estrogen hormone is secreted which is responsible for stimulating the lining of the uterus to house the fertilized egg.

How is the fertilization of the egg?

With each ejaculation, a man releases 300 to 400 sperm into the vagina.

Sperm have only one job: to fertilize an egg. But only a few survive this process.

When they reach the fallopian tubes, they are pushed toward the egg, but only one sperm – the strongest – manages to reach the target and fertilize the egg.

When this happens, the task changes and becomes more relaxed. The fertilized egg, also known as a zygote, continues to descend toward its ultimate target: the uterus.

What happens when there are fraternal or dizygotic twins?

It is called fraternal twin pregnancy when two different eggs are fertilized by different sperm at the same time.

Fraternal twins are the most common, being genetically similar and may or may not share the same placenta.

Pregnancy with dizygotic twins is rare. It is the result of the egg being fertilized, and when the process of cell division begins, the cells divide resulting in the formation of another embryo, which will be the same as the other, resulting in identical twins.

Process: fertilization.

Gestational days: 14 days.

Third week: What happens in the body?

In that week, the fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall. This can cause vaginal discharge (severe or not, it depends on the woman). This blood does not harm the pregnancy.

During this week the cells deliberately begin to multiply, multiply and divide.

It also begins with the formation of the placenta, which is responsible for the production of hCG (the pregnancy hormone); umbilical cord, which will serve as a connection between mother and child until the end of pregnancy; The amniotic sac is the yolk sac and the protective membrane inside the uterus.

Some of the symptoms that will accompany the first weeks of pregnancy and that may persist throughout the first trimester are:

morning sickness;

physical fatigue and drowsiness;

Breast tenderness and pain.

emotional differences



At this stage of pregnancy, the size of the fetus is still comparable to that of a chia seed.

Process: from a single cell to an embryo;

Gestational days: 21 days.

Fourth week: Are there symptoms?

With the production of hormones, pregnancy can now be detected by drug, blood or urine tests. Women can feel nauseous and intense this week.

In the fetus, the embryonic layers begin to differentiate to form different parts of the body. In this week the differentiation between bones, skin, organs, eyes and mouth begins.

The neural tube begins to develop, connecting the spine to the brain. If you have a problem with tube formation, there may be a complication called spina bifida, in which the spinal cord does not close completely.

By taking at least 400 mg of folic acid per day, it is possible to avoid complications in the formation of the spinal cord.

The heart and circulatory system begin to develop, along with the digestive system.

Furthermore, it has been determinedThe gender of the child is already, although it has not yet been discovered.

By multiplying cells, your little body creates the conditions needed to survive.

Prenatal preparation is very important in early pregnancy so that the baby grows up healthy.

At this stage:

Comparison: rice grains.

Process: cell differentiation;

Approximate weight: 1 gram.

Size: 0.2 cm;

Gestational days: 28 days.

Week 5: How is the child’s training going?

In the fifth week, the fetus is developing very quickly. Major structures such as the skeleton, muscles, heart, kidneys, liver, and central nervous system are formed.

During this period, it is already possible to hear the heartbeat on ultrasound. A small heart can reach 80 beats per minute.

It should be noted that the baby’s head is the most developed part of the body, and the brain and nervous system are developing.

Symptoms such as cramps, nausea, and mood swings are common in this process. Try to relax with warm water baths, because very hot water can cause abnormalities in the central nervous system.

Nutrition is also very important during these weeks, as everything that is eaten goes to the baby. Cases of dietary supplement should be monitored by a physician.

At this stage:

Comparison: orange seeds.

Process: formation of embryonic structures.

Approximate weight: 1g;

Size: 0.3 cm;

Gestational days: 35 days.

Sixth week: What happens inside the abdomen?

By the sixth week, pieces of tissue begin to grow as well as the spinal cord. The chin, jaw, and cheekbones begin to grow. In the place of the eyes, only a black spot remains, but the fetus already has a brain.

His appearance begins to look like a child, with arms and legs visible.

In pregnant women, the breasts can become sensitive due to the increased blood circulation and the increased production of breast cells.

It is extremely important to take folic acid and B vitamins, both for food and for supplements.

At this stage:

Comparison: pomegranate seeds.

Process: the development of heart cells.

Approximate weight: 1g;

Size: 0.6 to 0.8 cm;

Gestational days: 42 days.

Seventh week: How is the development of the fetus going?

The fetus begins to form at a frightening speed. All members are under development, but it’s not working yet.

The production of neural connections between the retina and the brain begins. The face begins to take shape, with a distinction between the eyes, mouth, nose and cheekbones.

The kidneys are the first to work and prepare to excrete urine. Small arms and legs and your fingers grow at the ends.

The placenta is in full development and growth, which meets the nutritional needs of the fetus.

At this stage:

Comparison: BlackBerry.

Process: all developing bodies;

Approximate weight: 1g;

Size: 0.11 to 0.13 cm;

Gestational days: 49 days.

Week 8: Baby’s body development

This week begins the connection between the neurons and the extremities, so that the first movements appear. It is small and involuntary, but it is there.

The mother cannot feel the movements due to the distance between the fetus and the uterus.

The nose, ears and eyes begin to appear. The kidneys excrete urine for the first time. A small heart can reach 150 beats per minute.

At this stage:

Comparison: raspberry.

Operation: first movements.

Approx. Weight: 2.5g;

Size: 0.13 to 1.7 cm;

Gestational days: 56 days.

The ninth week: the formation of the fetus

The fetus begins to name the fetus.

This week sees peak growth in the fetus’s arms and legs, as the fingers and joints of the elbow and knee are developing.

The liver, gallbladder, spleen, and adrenal glands begin to develop.

In this week, the growth of the mammary glands in the mother begins to intensify, and the breasts can become larger, more sensitive and painful to the touch.

Experts believe that swimming is the best exercise to perform during pregnancy, as it does not harm the joints.

At this stage:

Comparison: cherry.

Operation: begins to look like a child;

Approx. Weight: 2.5g;

Size: 2.5 cm;

Gestational days: 56 days.

Tenth week: How is this stage of pregnancy?

The organs of the child’s body are fully integrated and formed.

Some organs begin to function: the stomach produces digestive juice; The kidneys produce more urine. If you are a boy, your testicles are developing.

Inside the gums, the first deciduous teeth are formed.

The brain is still in the making, but it already has 250,000 developed neurons. Facial features begin to differentiate and part fingers.

Many health professionals forbid caffeine, because coffee is a diuretic, meaning it increases urine production, which leads to fluid loss.

If you feel the need to drink caffeine every day, in coffee or soft drinks, make sure you drink enough water to make up for the fluid loss.

Comparison: strawberry.

Process: integrated and modulated systems;

Approximate weight: 3g;

Size: 2 to 3 cm;

Gestational days: 70 days.

Eleventh week: What happens in the body of a young child?

The baby’s heart is beating more strongly. Do not be afraid of speed, the little heart beats twice as fast as the mother’s heart, from 120 to 160 beats per minute.

The head of the fetus at this stage is approximately half the size of the body, which indicates that the development process is taking place successfully.

The placenta settles in the uterus and begins to fulfill its main role, providing everything the baby needs: the exchange between the maternal and fetal circulation, the hormonal exchange for growth, among other things.

If the baby is a girl, then her ovaries are in the process of forming.

Also in this week, the skin begins to develop, a thin layer that covers the entire body of the baby, which helps to regulate the body temperature.

On your fingertips, the nails are already pointing.

The mother’s desires begin to become intense and clear.

During this period, a test to detect a protein called Rh factor is necessary. If the mother is negative, but the father is positive, then it is possible that the child will be positive.

This can beA case of serious consequences for the child, as the body of a pregnant woman can produce antibodies to the Rh factor.

The problem can be solved with an injection of Rojam, which is taken between the 28th and 29th weeks. This injection can also be done after delivery to avoid complications in future pregnancies.

In addition, it is important to keep your vitamin C supplements up to date, as it will help the growth of new cells and the development of bones and teeth.

Foods such as orange, papaya, strawberry and broccoli, added to the diet, are already sufficient to maintain the health of mother and child.

At this stage:

Comparison: cherry tomatoes.

Operation: yawning and movements.

Approx. Weight: 9g;

Size: 5cm;

Gestational days: 77 days.

Week 12: What has changed?

Spikes formed! Small fingers and tiny nails are formed at the ends. Many babies are born with them for a very long time, and they need to be trimmed soon after birth, so that accidents do not happen.

This week, the critical period for the development of the baby is almost over, all the main parts of the fetus are forming, although much is yet to come.

The genitals are already developed, although you cannot see them on an ultrasound. With the internal organs already formed, significant growth now begins: the child will grow and gain weight.

With full skin formation, the eyelids cover the eyes, and they will not open until the second trimester.

In pregnant women, the symptoms became more pronounced, such as a large appetite.

Hormones rise and the skin can become more oily, so many mothers develop acne during this period of pregnancy.

Symptoms such as vaginal discharge may be normal, but if there is pain or itching when urinating, it may be a sign of a urinary tract infection. See your doctor.

Mantaining a high protein diet is very important throughout pregnancy, especially during this period.

At this stage:

Comparison: lemon.

Operation: fully formed child;

Approx. weight: 14g;

Size: 6.3 cm;

Gestational days: 84 days.

Thirteenth week: Baby training

Little boy’s organs are in full swing. The kidneys produce a large amount of urine and excrete it into the amniotic fluid. Your body is large enough to attach the intestines that were previously attached to the umbilical cord.

The body needs to keep up with the growth of the head which has grown so much due to the growth of the brain. Approximately 10 cm from the child, only half of it is occupied by the head.

The senses are beginning to take their place in the child’s body. Sucking movements (used in breastfeeding) are trained, the smell organs develop, although they are ready for use only in the sixth month of pregnancy.

Despite the small size of the baby, he can already hear the sounds of the mother’s body and voice deep inside. Eyelids, iris and retina appear, and the fetus begins to feel pain in the lips, face, hands and feet.

The most prominent symptoms of pregnancy such as nausea, fatigue and vomiting subside and the happy moments of pregnancy begin. Some women say they feel a surge of energy at this time.

A woman’s waist begins to thicken, so thin-waisted pants can be uncomfortable.

The thirteenth week marks the beginning of the fourth month of pregnancy. The end of the first semester has arrived!

At this stage:

Comparison: Bloom.

Operation: The heart is heard through ultrasound.

Approx. Weight: 28.5g;

Size: 6.6 to 10 cm;

Gestational days: 91 days.

The second trimester: What are the stages of pregnancy?

In the second trimester of pregnancy, the risk of miscarriage decreases significantly. Some women say the second trimester is a flurry of emotions and unique feelings that come with pregnancy.

The gender of the baby can be identified and preparations for the baby’s arrival begin.


Fourteenth week: Baby’s movements

The first week of the second trimester is characterized by hair growth on the eyebrows and hair. The body begins to stretch and move.

The mouth begins with the training of opening and closing movements, the muscles and organs of speech are ready for action. The eyes turn to the final destination and the face is shaped with the ears and jaws in place.

It is already possible at your fingertips to identify your fingerprints, which will accompany you throughout your life.

The fetus’s entire body is covered with a thin layer of hair called villi, which protects it from amniotic fluid and helps regulate body temperature. This layer of hair may disappear during pregnancy or shortly after childbirth.

A thin, dark line may appear on a woman’s abdomen, separating the abdomen into two parts. This phenomenon is caused by the accumulation of melanin during this period. The nipples can start to get darker as well, due to the formation of hormones and melanin.

Dark spots (melasma) can appear on the face, armpits, and legs. It can worsen as pregnancy progresses and disappear soon after breastfeeding. To avoid these spots, apply sunscreen daily.

Stretch marks can start to appear and be a nuisance to a woman. To avoid them, it is important to stay hydrated. Some oils can help with this process, such as almond oil, grape seed or sunflower oil, and moisturizing creams.

The 14th week is the maximum time for an nuchal translucency test to identify Down syndrome. See your doctor and keep the examination up to date.

At this stage:

Comparison: peaches.

Operation: the placenta is fully functional.

Approx. Weight: 56g;

Size: 8cm to 10cm;

Gestational days: 98 days.

Fifteenth week: What are the mother’s symptoms?

While retaining the nutrients that the mother’s body transfers to the fetus, the bones harden with the help of calcium. With it, the joints move and train. The child begins to bring his fingers to his mouth.

Since the skin is so small and thin, it is possible to see small veins that carry blood throughout the baby’s body. Hair is defined during this period, although some newborns are born without hair, it forms in theIn the fifteenth week, its color and texture may change.

With the development of the organs of speech and nutrition, the fetus begins to have hiccups imperceptible by the mother.

It is now possible to determine the sex of the child through ultrasound!

Taste buds begin to form. Although it seems unlikely, the child can determine whether the external environment is light or dark. This is the same impression when we close our eyes and know when it is day or night.

In the mother, some changes occur. Due to the large circulation of blood and fluid, the feet and ankles can be swollen – this aspect is normal at this time and may go away with time.

As the abdomen grows, finding a pose becomes more and more difficult. Placing a pillow between your legs and lying on your side can help relieve pressure and ensure a restful sleep.

As the uterus gains space in the body, pressure on the bladder and intestines is normal.

Proper nutrition can help you avoid constipation and hemorrhoids. Some foods that can help in this process are: kiwifruit, peaches, figs, and fresh vegetables.

At this stage:

Comparison: orange.

Operation: hearing the sounds of the mother’s body;

Approx. Weight: 57g;

Size: 10cm to 11.4cm;

Gestational days: 105 days.

Week 16: Development at full speed

The child moves more and more, raises his head and exercises his neck and spine joints.

With all this energy the movements of the arms and legs intensify, the fetus opens and closes its hands, in addition to forming faces and moving facial nerves. But these movements are still not noticed by the mother due to the hydration caused by the amniotic fluid

Having developed light perception, the baby can already feel the caresses that the mother makes on his stomach.

The inner ear is already fully formed, as it hears internal sounds from the mother’s body. The eyelids are still closed, but inside them the eyes are already moving.

Getting a good night’s sleep during these weeks can be a challenge for the mother. Sleeping on your stomach may be uncomfortable for both the mother and fetus, while sleeping on your stomach increases pressure on the vena cava.

One of the positions that seems most pleasant is sleeping on the left side of the body, thus increasing blood circulation and reducing the chances of developing tumors and varicose veins.

At this stage:

Comparison: pear.

Operation: able to coordinate movements;

Approximate weight: 85g;

Size: 11.4 to 12.1 cm;

Gestational days: 112 days.

Seventeenth week: accelerated baby formation

New structures are being formed and those that have already been developed gain shape and weight.

The baby begins to gain weight and accumulate fat, which helps produce heat after birth. The placenta provides the nutrients the baby needs and continues to produce pregnancy hormones.

The baby trains sucking movements by swallowing and expelling amniotic fluid.

As the inner ear forms, it begins to hear the external sounds of the mother’s body.

This week begins the production of ointment, a white ointment-like fluid that protects the fetus from the amniotic fluid and helps in the future during childbirth.

Due to the lack of intrauterine oxygen, the lungs, which are now fully formed, do not work.

Calcium is very important at this stage for the formation of the baby’s teeth and inside the baby’s gums and for strengthening the bones.

At this stage, the child is already frantically moving, and in some positions, it can be felt.

Seasickness is no longer a nuisance at this stage of pregnancy. However, some pain may be noticeable as the uterus is expanding and replacing other organs to accommodate the baby.

With increased progesterone, hot flashes can occur throughout the body.

At this stage:

Comparison: tomatoes.

Operation: hearing the external sounds of the mother’s body;

Approximate weight: 142g;

Size: 15.2 cm;

Gestational days: 119 days.

Eighteenth week: stomach organs

The child begins to train breathing movements.

Fingerprints, once they are a pointer, begin to form and small folds form at the fingertips.

The baby’s intestines begin to work with the fluids ingested in breathing training. This fluid, which is secreted through the anus, passes through the stomach and intestines, joining the dead cells. It is called meconium, and the mother can contact it during the first diaper change.

Baby’s movements can be noticeable when touched. Many mothers report that they begin to feel movement between the 16th and 20th weeks of pregnancy.

At this point, the abdomen is more visible and clothing can be a problem. So try to wear pieces that don’t tighten the stomach and are comfortable.

A mother’s heart works 40-50% more than usual, it finally creates a life! With this said, it is possible to feel dizzy if you get up too quickly.

Adjusting your blood sugar level and lying down for a while can help with dizziness.

At this stage:

Comparison: sweet potatoes.

Operation: breathing movements.

Approximate weight: 200g;

Size: 14cm to 18cm;

Gestational days: 126 days.

Week Nineteen: What Happens At This Stage?

If the child is a girl, then her reproductive system is already fully formed. Inside the ovary there are more than six million primordial eggs. After giving birth, this number can only reach a million.

If it is a boy, the testicles are forming and producing testosterone and the outer limb continues to grow.

Eyebrows, hair and eyelashes began to appear.

At this stage, the child begins to have his own sleep schedule, regardless of outside activity.

With all the development, the fetus can already hear external sounds, including the voice of the father and mother.

In the nineteenth week, the weight of the abdomen begins, which leads to changes in some of the mother’s habits, such as sleeping, walking, and others. It is recommended to lie down at least once a day.

As the uterus grows, the round ligaments need to be stretched to continue supporting the organ. maybeThis stretching causes pain in the mother’s lower abdomen.

The sensation may be stronger when changing position or rising quickly. If you feel severe pain, see your doctor.

At this stage:

comparison: km;

Operation: clearer sounds;

Approximate weight: 200g to 225g;

Size: 18cm;

Gestational days: 133 days.

Week 20: What’s going on here?

The twentieth week marks the middle of pregnancy.

Neurons that signal the senses take their place in the brain. With the development of the muscular and nervous systems, movements are coordinated, such as clasping of the hands, grasping, thumb sucking, rolling, and placing the hand on the face.

The baby’s skin begins to turn pink as the blood passes through the small veins.

The meconium continues to be produced in the intestines.

The child is very active and when he does not sleep he moves a lot. The joy of feeling your little one’s movement is adorable!

In a mother’s care, a great recommendation is hydration, which should always be done with about 2 liters of water per day.

In this process of pregnancy, the mother can gain 4 to 6 additional kilograms, taking into account the weight of the baby and the fluids that are produced during pregnancy.

The abdomen, which was very shy, begins to appear strongly. With compression of the organs due to an increase in size, other symptoms such as shortness of breath may occur. A little shortness of breath can be common at this stage of pregnancy, if it’s severe, see a doctor.

As the belly grows, the mother’s belly button can protrude. If this happens, don’t worry: it will return to normal after pregnancy.

Heartburn can be seen at this stage as well. Drinks and frozen foods can help relieve these symptoms.

From this week, the date of delivery can be expected, and if it was a caesarean section, it is possible to schedule a date for surgery.

At this stage:

Comparison: chili.

Operation: The upper part of the uterus is at the navel.

Approx. Weight: 210g to 225g;

Size: 21.5 cm;

Gestational days: 140 days.

Week 21: The senses are already working at this point

The twenty-first week marks the beginning of the fifth month.

The features of the child begin to appear very childish.

It is during this age that memory appears, so that the child can recognize the voice of mother and father, distinguish between songs, among other things.

Talking to the fetus, naming it after it, and rubbing its tummy can be of great help in its intrauterine development.

By the 21st week, the baby has its own sleep cycle, which may or may not be related to its mother.

The tongue and taste buds are developed as well as white blood cells that aid the child’s immune system.

In addition to feeling the baby move in the tummy, discharge may be another symptom. If the discharge does not come with a strong color or odor, there is no need to worry.

At this point swelling can start to be a part of a pregnant woman’s life, so pregnancy specific physical exercises may be recommended.

Excess sugar at this stage does not bring any benefit, so it is important to control sugar intake so as not to harm the child.

At this stage:

Comparison: bananas.

Operation: tongue and taste buds.

Approx. Weight: 283g to 370g;

Size: 23cm;

Gestational days: 147 days.

Week 22: Continuous Movements

There is still a lot of space between the baby and the walls of the uterus, so the fetus constantly changes its position at this stage. Until the 36th week, there is no need to worry, however, after this date, it is important to be informed and properly monitored.

The thin skin covering the baby’s body is wrinkled and appears to be “left” over the next few weeks. With weight gain, the body becomes rounder and “full”.

All organs are functioning, except for the lung, which will function only at the time of birth. During pregnancy, it is the umbilical cord that carries oxygen to the fetus.

Facial features, such as ears, eyes, mouth, and nose, are already defined and are very similar to a child who is coming into the world. These effects can be seen with ultrasound.

Due to the constant movement of the baby inside the abdomen, the bones and cartilage develop and become stronger and stronger.

In the case of the mother, muscle soreness becomes part of the routine, as the baby gains more and more weight, causing the mother to feel it in her back.

If you have difficulty getting up or sitting on chairs, sofa or bed, the advice is to use an armrest when performing these movements, as the helping hand can fall at that time.

In addition, the hormone relaxin acts in the bones of the mother’s pelvis and hips, expanding her joints and preparing her body for childbirth.

If the pain is severe and does not resolve taking a hot water bath, see your doctor for proper treatment.

At this stage:

Comparison: Papaya.

Operation: The brain is growing rapidly.

Approximate weight: 454g;

Size: 23cm to 26cm;

Gestational days: 154 days.

Week Twenty-Third: Pay Attention to the Senses Stage

With the development of the bones of the inner ear, the fetus is now able to distinguish the different sounds it hears, both internal (from the womb, the mother’s body) and external (mother or father’s speech, music, reading).

The eyes begin with their first movements, asymmetric and random, but they are there.

Your baby’s skin is still very red due to the amount of large blood vessels that pass through the baby’s delicate skin.

Although it is a contraindication, if you have any problems during pregnancy, at week 23 the baby is already able to survive with the help of machines and medical support, if he comes into the world.

When you think you’re talking to yourself, don’t worry: Your baby hears it all!

Talking to your child has never been more important. When the mother talks to the baby, it makes her recognize her voice and, in the future, she can respond to stimuli associated with this, such as tummy tucks or even kicking in response.

Belly growsMore clear. The black line appears more and more often, and the skin may become darker on other parts of the body, such as the armpits, groin, back, and in some women on the face.

It is very common for dark spots to appear on the face of a pregnant woman, due to the large number of hormones circulating in her body.

At this stage:

Comparison: eggplant.

Operation: distinguishing external sounds from internal ones;

Approximate weight: 450g;

Size: 23cm to 25.5cm;

Gestational days: 161 days.

Week 24: What happens at this point?

The twenty-fourth week marks the beginning of the sixth month.

The eyes of the child are in a continuous formation, although there is no color, the iris is formed. All muscles are formed and bones are more solid.

Taste buds are formed and with this the baby already develops a desire and desire for sweet things.

As the space between the baby and the walls of the uterus shrinks, the baby’s movements can be visible to the naked eye. At this stage, the baby can feel caressed on his stomach.

Although he sleeps most of the time, when he is awake there is a lot of movement.

All this movement leads to inconveniences to the woman, such as the need to constantly go to the bathroom, back and lower back pain, and difficulty sleeping.

At this stage of pregnancy, what the mother feels can be passed on to the baby. If the mother is startled or very nervous, the baby may respond. Calm and relaxation are recommended.

At this stage:

Comparison: corn on the cob;

Operation: weight gain;

Approximate weight: 590g;

Size: 25cm to 28cm;

Gestational days: 168 days.

Week 25: The vision formation process

Baby’s eyes are already fully formed and are sensitive to light and glare. At only the 31st week, the iris becomes colored, but the final color will only be determined between 6 and 9 months of age.

At this stage of pregnancy, the baby can gain from 30 grams to 50 grams per day.

On ultrasound, the baby can be seen touching his face, moving his arms and legs, putting his finger in his mouth, and even kicking. The advice is to eat a piece of chocolate 30 minutes after the exam, as the candy can make your child feel irritated and happy.

The baby’s internal body movements are done naturally, as he swallows the amniotic fluid that passes through his digestive system and is expelled again through the bladder.

Gestational diabetes occurs in 2% to 5% of pregnant women. To check your insulin levels, you can take a glucose test.

Talk to your doctor about getting tested. The most appropriate stage for this test is between the twenty-fourth and twenty-eighth weeks of pregnancy.

At this stage:

Comparison: shallots.

Operation: closes hands and clasps feet;

Approximate weight: 680g;

Size: 30cm to 33cm;

Gestational days: 175 days.

Twenty-sixth week: What are the symptoms of the mother?

To train his newer lungs, the baby begins to prepare his respiratory system for the world, opening his nose to inhale and exhale the amniotic fluid.

Since there is no space between the uterus and the baby, his movements are more noticeable. For this reason, the fetus can feel the caresses that are made on the abdomen, by the mother, father or any other person.

In order to more clearly see these movements, you should lie on your back.

One of the baby’s favorite toys at this stage is putting the umbilical cord in his mouth to “suck”. Don’t worry about it, the wire is strong enough to withstand the tug of a child.

With these movements, the baby trains the sucking movements that will be necessary for breastfeeding.

The baby’s small eyelids begin to open, and even if they are very little, there is movement.

In the mother, the pain becomes more and more due to the changes that occur to accommodate the weight of the child. Another common symptom at this stage is swelling that occurs due to fluid retention, and this discomfort can be relieved by avoiding standing for a long time.

As the baby grows intensively, the mother’s diet must be increasingly nutritious and diversified, in order to meet all the nutritional needs of the fetus. Doctors recommend eating smaller meals every 3 hours.

At this stage:

Comparison: zucchini.

Process: reacts to external stimuli;

Approximate weight: 800g;

Size: 33cm;

Gestational days: 182 days.

Trimester 3: What do the mother’s symptoms look like?

And the third trimester begins, and the seventh month enters! The last trimester of pregnancy comes with many routine changes, baby bathrooms and bedrooms being prepared to welcome the new family member. However, there are many changes internally as well, which we will see below:

Week 27: Baby’s growth continues

At this stage, the baby continues to gain weight and forms a layer of fat between the internal organs and the skin, which helps in regulating the temperature when leaving the mother’s womb.

The diaphragm of the baby trains his movements, which can be felt by the mother and accompanied by a slight hiccup. The child may have several sessions of hiccups during the day, which is completely normal.

In the mother, the feeling of a “full stomach” can be common, as with the growing uterus, the stomach compresses, yet this sensation appears.

The nipples have become darker and more sensitive, due to the large amount of hormones that prepare the body for breastfeeding.

Varicose veins, hemorrhoids, and spasms can be common at this point. For relief, there are many treatments, such as exercises, special stockings, and others.

If the problem persists, your doctor may prescribe medication to relieve symptoms. Consult your doctor to treat your problem properly.

At this stage:

Comparison: cauliflower.

Operation: weight gain;

Approximate weight: 900g;

Size: 35cm to 38cm;

Gestational days: 189 days.

Week 28: What is happening this week?

The baby has just gained his first full pound, which means growth is just beginning.

Brain cells begin toAlready fully formed, the fetus determines the nervous and facial reactions during the activation of these cells.

With less and less room for large movements, the mother may be able to distinguish between a kick and a punch, which indicates the baby is placed on his stomach

If the baby is a boy, this is the time when the testicles begin to descend into the scrotum, but this may take some time or even after birth.

If you are a girl, the lips of the vulva are still very small and do not cover the clitoris. This will only happen later, as the pregnancy progresses.

Cravings for certain foods become more intense and satisfying them may be a problem for some women, due to the intense concern about being overweight.

If cravings for foods containing large amounts of sugar are always present, sweeter fruits can help in satisfying the weight and not gaining weight.

If the name of the child has already been chosen, then call your child by name, this will make it easier for him to recognize him when he comes into the world.

As mentioned earlier (week 11), if a child’s Rh test is positive for the Rh factor, the Rhogam injection should be taken this week. This action will prevent the production of antibodies to the baby’s cells.

Soon after birth, the baby’s Rh factor will be tested again. If the result is still positive, the mother will receive another injection of Rhogam to protect future pregnancies.

At this stage:

Comparison: A large eggplant.

Operation: He loves to hear the mother’s voice.

Approximate weight: 1kg to 1.4kg;

Size: 38cm;

Gestational days: 196 days.

Week 29: What happens at this point?

At this stage, the appearance of the baby is very similar to that of a newborn, but slightly smaller.

Calcium intake from the mother is still very important for the formation of the fetus’s bones, which become stronger and stronger.

The brain, which is fully formed and functioning, helps to regulate temperature and control breathing, and it also responds to pain in the same way as a newborn baby.

The redness of the baby’s skin increases and the lanugo (covering hair all over the body) begins to disappear, leaving the hair, eyebrows and eyelashes well defined.

To avoid cramps, it is advised to eat foods that contain high levels of calcium, potassium and magnesium. Stretching before bed can greatly help in treating this disease.

At this stage:

Comparison: pumpkin.

Practical: Knows how to differentiate between natural and artificial light.

Approximate weight: 1.3 kg;

Size: 40cm;

Gestational days: 203 days.

Week 30: Training in the final stage

Baby is getting closer and closer to coming into the world, it’s only 10 weeks after birth, and preparing properly has never been more important.

At this point, the baby’s small brain begins to look like a brain, with its characteristic wrinkles.

The nails actually reach the tips of the fingers and toes. Bones become stiffer and organs continue to mature.

At this stage, the baby is already able to respond to lights thrown under the tummy, blink his eyes, or turn his face.

Growth itself slows down and the main goal is to gain weight until birth. The skin is soft and pink. Usually the child reduces the frequency of kicks and hiccups.

Organs begin to form the immune system, and the lungs are slowly forming.

The mother’s belly begins to grow as the baby’s weight increases, which causes the skin to tighten and the woman begins to feel itchy. These symptoms are normal, always try to avoid scratching, and massage in with moisturizing creams instead.

With flatulence and flatulence, a new symptom begins to appear: difficulty breathing. With increasing pressure in the organs, the lungs suffer the most. These symptoms usually disappear within a few weeks, when the baby begins to settle in the womb and descend to fit at the hip.

At this stage:

Comparison: wrapped.

Operation: the immune system.

Approximate weight: 1.4 kg;

Size: 43cm;

Gestational days: 210 days.

Week 31: Continuous sleep week

With the increase in the weight of the child, his skin begins to reduce wrinkles, and the lanugo, which covers the entire body of the child, begins to fall off, leaving the skin soft and smooth.

Your appearance is getting closer and closer to the newborn. The arms and legs are getting longer and the space inside the uterus is getting smaller. The iris (the colored part of the eye) acquires color, but not the final colour.

Most of the time, the fetus is asleep as it feels safe inside the mother’s womb, listening to her heartbeat.

Bones become stiffer and ready to bear your weight. The bone marrow begins producing white blood cells from the liver.

With the arrival of birth, the baby often changes position inside the abdomen, turns upside down, with the knees bent.

At this stage, the relationship between mother and child is getting stronger, since it is possible to talk to the child and get a response, with kicks and thrusts, which is the main form of communication between them.

It is very common for the mother to have fluid retention at this stage, which causes swelling in the legs and feet, as well as an increase in the volume of blood circulating.

At this stage, it is important to pay attention to the signs of premature birth. See your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

back pain that comes and goes;

Menstrual-like cramps.

Abdominal difficulty in some places.

sporadic contractions

fluid loss

Unusual vaginal discharge.

The breasts are swollen and leaking a fluid similar to dark milk. However, do not despair if this does not happen.

This liquid is called colostrum, and it is the first food that the baby gets at birth, as it is rich in nutrients that meet the needs of the newborn.

At this stage:

Comparison: Coco.

Operation: definition of eye color;

Approximate weight: 1.5kg;

Size: 45cm;

Gestational days: 217 days.

Week 32: What are the common mother’s symptoms?

It is the second week andThirty entering the eighth month, the penultimate month of pregnancy. Birth is approaching.

Hardening of the bones except for the bones of the skull, which do not close until after birth.

The nervous system is developing more and more, and its functions begin already inside the womb. Baby reacts to pain, touch, sound, light, and tastes.

The amniotic fluid acquires a stronger flavor than the food eaten by the mother, which makes the baby feel different flavors during the day.

Scientists believe that the baby dreams while sleeping and begins to accumulate memories inside the womb.

At this point, it is normal to feel contractions. Also called Braxton Hicks contractions, they can be annoying. In these contractions, the abdomen is more rigid, but still there is no severe pain as felt during childbirth.

Talk to your doctor about these false contractions, and their differences and characteristics. Labor contractions are long, frequent, intense and painful. Braxton Hicks contractions are training and are often painless.

This stage of the baby gaining weight is very important so that it can survive without the help of the mother, so it is important to feed the baby properly to ensure that the baby gets all the nutrients needed to enter the world.

Drink plenty of fluids and avoid salty foods. Remember: your baby tastes the food you eat.

At this stage:

Comparison: a large cabbage.

Operation: the five senses;

Approximate weight: 1.7kg;

Size: 46cm;

Gestational days: 224 days.

Week 33: What happens inside the abdomen?

The baby moves less at this stage, due to the space becoming smaller. The amniotic fluid begins to shrink.

Through ultrasound, it is possible to see that the baby’s head has grown significantly recently, and this is due to a significant growth spurt in the brain.

The child continues to gain weight and body fat. Final fat makes up 15% of the baby’s total weight at birth. Due to weight gain, the skin becomes pink and the veins scattered throughout the body can no longer be seen.

Few movements of the baby inside the womb, such as opening and closing the hands and placing the hands and feet in the mouth, strengthen the bones and muscles.

During the entire pregnancy, the mother can gain from 9 to 12 kilos in addition to the weight of the baby, which is normal, as there is an accumulation of fluid and it is necessary to eat for 3 to 3 hours to maintain this other life growing in the womb.

As a result, in the last few weeks, the weight has increased significantly and the mother can feel this in her back and legs, making it difficult for her to bear all the weight.

Avoid standing for a long time and exercising regularly, such as light walking, water aerobics or yoga are good options.

At this stage:

Comparison: pineapple.

Operation: fetal movements.

Approximate weight: 1.9kg;

Size: 48cm;

Gestational days: 231 days.

Week 34: How does the baby move?

Hiccups in a child are normal and become more frequent over time. These rhythmic jumps may be uncomfortable, but they are necessary. Its presence indicates the entire formation of the nervous system and diaphragm.

If you don’t feel your baby’s hiccups, don’t worry, depending on the position of the baby in the womb, it’s impossible to notice. Usually the baby continues to cry a few weeks after birth.

Usually, a child is born with clear eyes, but this changes with contact with sunlight, remembering that the final color can be determined only after 9 months of age.

With the enlargement of the abdomen and the significant expansion of the uterus, hormones reside on the surface of the mother’s skin, causing symptoms called itching, which is a rash on the skin, most commonly in the abdomen, breasts and hips.

To resolve this discomfort, moisturizing your skin regularly may be enough. Apply a moisturizing cream frequently to keep the water levels in your skin stable. If these symptoms persist, see your doctor so that he can recommend the correct procedure.

Itching in the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet can be a sign of cholestasis. Cholestasis is an excessive concentration of bile pigments in the skin, which causes itching, jaundice and darkening of the urine.

Other symptoms can be: abdominal pain, loss of appetite, vomiting or fever. See your doctor so he can properly treat cholestasis.

Eyelashes are fully grown at this stage and the hair is getting longer and longer, and some mothers are lucky enough to see the baby’s hair still in the womb, through ultrasound.

As the baby moves down the womb, breathing begins to return to normal and becomes easier.

Pain is common, and this indicates that the bones and muscles of the hip are opening up. In addition to this discomfort, contractions may be present.

Doing household chores becomes more difficult, as well as moving with more skill. Ask someone to help out with tasks like bending over, getting up, climbing on chairs, or picking up something high, as well as being dangerous at this point.

The advice is to rest as often as you can and elevate your feet to help circulation and reduce swelling.

At this stage:

Comparison: watermelon.

Operation: the immune system.

Approximate weight: 2.2 kg;

Size: 50cm;

Gestational days: 238 days.

Thirty-fifth week: changes every week

The baby is preparing for birth already in a position with his head down.

All internal organs are formed and ready to enter the world. The only organ not yet functioning is the lung, which will be functional at the time of birth.

The amount of amniotic fluid decreases, which leads to a decrease in the movement of the baby inside the womb.

From the 35th week onwards, it is important to be aware of the signs of labour.

Contractions are a feeling of tightness and the uterus is stiff for 30 seconds and then relaxes.

Abdominal pain similar to cramps are also signs. If these symptoms become regular, every 10 minutes or every 5 minutesGuys, it’s time to go to the maternity ward and have your baby.

Maternity bags should be ready and close to the door! Each maternity department offers different items for the mother and the baby, check what the selected maternity ward offers so as not to take more than is necessary.

The mother still provides the antibodies the fetus needs to survive, and the mother will continue to do so even after birth, through breastfeeding.

Anxiety can be a normal symptom at this stage, whether the baby is actually coming, or by hormones.

With an increase in the size of the abdomen, the process of driving becomes almost impossible. Brazilian law does not impose restrictions on driving in the later stages of pregnancy, however, if necessary, some measures can be taken to make this movement safe.

The use of a 3-point harness is essential. Try to leave a good distance between the steering wheel and your belly, in case there is no extra space, it is time to stop driving for now.

At this stage:

Comparison: a large watermelon.

Operation: more regular contractions.

Approximate weight: 2.3kg to 2.5kg;

Size: 50.9 cm;

Gestational days: 245 days.

Week 36: How is the mother?

This week marks the beginning of the ninth month of pregnancy. The last month comes with major changes in the lives of the couple who are about to see their baby for the first time.

Sleeping becomes increasingly difficult as finding a comfortable position for both mother and baby seems impossible. Doctors recommend lying on your side with a pillow or pillow between your legs.

If the pregnancy is twins, then the 36th week is marked by the birth of the little ones. Remember that every pregnancy is different, there is a chance that your twin pregnancy will reach the 39th week quietly.

At this point, mothers change the way they walk, so they all feel more comfortable in these final stages. Walking backwards, legs slightly bent and feet outward is normal, walking is also slower.

During this period, it is necessary to calculate the movements of the fetus. You should feel your baby move at least 10 times in 12 hours, around 9 am.

If you do not experience fetal movement within 12 hours of the day, see your doctor to see if there is anything wrong.

At this stage:

Comparison: lettuce.

Operation: ready for childbirth;

Approximate weight: 2.5kg to 2.7kg;

Size: 51.2 cm;

Gestational days: 252 days.

Week 37: The last stretch of pregnancy

Your baby may already be in the right position for birth with his head tucked into his pelvis. If the baby is sitting, then the indication is a caesarean section.

The child behaves more and more like a newborn: he sleeps, wakes up, moves his hands, opens and closes his eyes. The only thing that changes between the fetus in the womb and the baby that comes into the world is weight. The baby needs these last three weeks in the womb to gain weight and to mature the brain and lungs.

Regardless of the time of year, at birth, the baby will wear a cotton hat so that there is not a lot of heat loss from the head.

The shortness of breath almost goes away, but as the baby descends, it puts pressure on other parts of the body, such as the pelvis and bladder, making trips to the bathroom more frequent than ever. If there is a lot of shortness of breath at this point, see your doctor. Remember that pregnant women are more susceptible to viruses and influenza.

The bag must be ready. Only 5% of babies are born on schedule, from this week onwards, stay tuned!

The main concern at this point is preeclampsia, which is an excessive increase in blood pressure during pregnancy, which can lead to seizures.

These seizures can cause sequelae for the mother and the baby, so be aware of the symptoms: swelling of the face and hands, high blood pressure, protein in the urine.

At this stage:

Comparison: chard.

Operation: ready for childbirth;

Approximate weight: 2.7 to 2.9 kg;

Size: 51.4 cm;

Gestational days: 259 days.

Week 38: What is happening this week?

During this period, the fatty layer, which completely covered the fetus, begins to shrink. Part of this fatty layer builds up in the fetus’s intestines, leading to the formation of meconium, a black liquid that comes out at the first diaper change.

The longer the uterus, the greater the weight of the baby, if the placenta can still meet the needs of the baby. The placenta begins to reduce its activities as the birth approaches, almost completely stopping.

Equipping the car with the right stroller to take the baby home is important at this point, as the birth can be unexpected.

The mother’s breast is larger and may already be full of milk, the skin is stretched, becoming thin and sensitive, and veins can be seen. The nipples darken and may spread across the breast, these phenomena may disappear after the breastfeeding period.

Fetal movements may slow but not stop completely. The baby’s movement can still be felt 10 times a day, but he makes shorter movements due to the lack of space.

At this stage:

Comparison: Jackfruit.

Operation: ready for childbirth;

Approximate weight: 3.2 kg;

Size: 51.6 cm;

Gestational days: 266 days.

Week 39: The mother’s anxiety appeared

At birth, a baby has about 300 bones in its body. As it grows, some of these bones fuse together, becoming only 206 in adulthood.

The lungs are fully developed and ready to breathe. Your immune system is not fully formed yet. He will need the breastfeeding process to fully build his immune system.

Many mothers go into labor at the 39th week, but the baby can remain in the womb until the 42nd week of pregnancy, although doctors do not risk wasting time and harming the baby. In these cases, they usually have a cesarean delivery before that week.

See your doctor to choose the type of delivery you want. What the mother chooses is often not what is best for the child, so this choice should be discussed with the doctor. There are many issues that can affect the type of delivery.

Anesthesia is a real concern at this point: Many moms say sedation doesn’t hurt much more than a simple injection. See your doctor to see if it’s right for you.

At this stage:

Comparison: small watermelon

Operation: ready for childbirth;

Approximate weight: 3.3kg;

Size: 51.9cm to 52cm;

Gestational days: 273 days.

Week 40: How is the baby?

If you reach week 40, your baby is comfortable and warm, he may not want to come into the world anytime soon, however, staying too long in the womb can be harmful to both mother and baby. Therefore, many doctors perform labor induction at the 40th or 41st week of pregnancy.

If you don’t have recommendations against intercourse at this stage of pregnancy, the recommendation is to date more often, as intercourse releases relaxing hormones and can even speed up or induce labour.

At this point, the placenta may stop working completely. If this occurs, induction of labor or a caesarean section is necessary, as the baby will not receive the correct oxygen.

Vision and other senses are formed, however, at birth, the child may have difficulties focusing vision more than 40 cm. The ideal distance is 30 cm from the mother’s face to her breasts. Usually, in the process of feeding, the baby looks at the mother.

During this week, the last appointment with the doctor will be scheduled. A doctor will often do a touch test to check for stretching.

Your child is about to come into the world. Prepare yourself emotionally and physically for what happened, as it will take patience and attention.

At this stage:

Comparison: pumpkin.

Operation: birth;

Approximate weight: 3.4 kg;

Size: 53cm;

Gestational days: 280 days.

Enjoy your new baby a lot and take the opportunity to breathe in peace and comfort with your baby from birth.

Many people who have experienced this event may want advice about the birth of their child, but every situation is different. Determine what would be good advice and what could get in the way of this process.

The whole pregnancy process is unique and charming. Enjoy every second and enjoy this stage as much as you can. Having a baby can be a gift, but you need to know how the process is done and listen carefully to medical recommendations.

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