Diabetes in children


Diabetes in children


Diabetes in children


  1. When does diabetes appear in children?
  2. How to discover diabetes in children
  3. Symptoms of diabetes in children two years old
  4. How to deal with a diabetic child
  5. Complications of diabetes in children


One of the most difficult moments that may pass for you is when the doctor tells you that your child has a chronic disease, such as diabetes.

And the greater the sadness that afflicts you, the greater your will to search for a cure for your child,

You begin to research the symptoms of the disease and its effect on the child, both physically and psychologically, and the appropriate foods for him, and methods of treatment.

In this article, we will tell you everything about diabetes in children, and how to deal with it.

When does diabetes appear in children?

The common type of diabetes in children is the first type.

For a reason unknown until now, the immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that secrete insulin, which leads to a lack of the hormone insulin in the body,

It is the hormone responsible for controlling blood sugar.

How to discover diabetes in children

Detection of childhood diabetes is associated with the mother noticing one of the following symptoms:

  • Extreme thirst or hunger other than the usual nature of the child.
  • More than normal child urination.
  • A child does not urinate involuntarily during sleep for no apparent reason.
  • Sudden weight loss, despite eating a lot.
  • A change in the child’s behavior, slow speech as if he is unconscious, or a gradual loss of consciousness, which may be a diabetic coma.

When any of the above symptoms are noticed, the parents must go to the pediatrician and tell him about it, and he will examine the child.

Symptoms of diabetes in children two years old

They are the same symptoms previously mentioned, but pay attention to the way your child’s breathing, or change it from usual, sometimes the mother smells fermented fruit or a wine-like smell emanating from the child’s mouth,

It is one of the symptoms of high blood ketones due to diabetes.

How to deal with a diabetic child

Besides giving the child the treatment prescribed by the doctor on a daily basis, his feelings are also important,

The disease may cause the child to feel isolation, sadness, frustration and embarrassment, and below we offer you an integrated guide for dealing with a child with diabetes:

  • Do not turn a child’s life into a big hospital, stick to his treatment, and let him live his life normally.

If he is talented in drawing and plays a specific sport, encourage him and help him to integrate with others and practice the activities he loves.

Know that practicing sports and various hobbies increases the child’s self-confidence, and removes the feeling of weakness and frustration caused by the disease.

  • Do not take him with extra attention, until he feels like a normal child.
  •  Help him integrate with his brothers and friends, and encourage him to make various friendships with his classmates at school, and with the children he meets in different places.
  • Talk to him about his illness, help him accept it, and answer all his questions regarding his condition.
  • Listen carefully to how he feels, and do not taunt him or punish him if he eats sweets, because he is behaving like a normal child.
  • Tell him kindly and calmly that sweets cause tooth decay, and sometimes other diseases.
  • Make healthy food a lifestyle for the whole family,
  • Do not tell your children that this method is due to their brother’s illness, but assure them that it is the basis of proper nutrition.

Complications of diabetes in children

Most of the problems and complications that occur due to diabetes appear if it is not treated properly, or if parents fail to follow up on the disease with the specialist doctor.

Make sure to visit the doctor regularly and implement his instructions, and here are the most prominent complications:

First Retinitis:

Diabetes affects the retina of the eye due to the effect of high blood sugar, and it may lead to blindness.

second  Diabetic neuritis

 Inflammation of the nerve endings, which may impair the sense of pain.

third Diabetic kidney infection

 Inflammation of the kidneys with prolonged high blood sugar, and may lead to kidney failure.

forth  Capillary inflammation

 Inflammation that later leads to heart disease.

Fifth  Frequent bacterial infection of the skin or repeated episodes of pneumonia

all of which occur due to a defect in the child’s immunity.

A child with diabetes often leads a normal life, because the immune system does not attack all cells of the pancreas at once.

This gives the body a chance to deal naturally with the sugar in the blood.

There may be times when insulin is secreted at normal levels, and your child does not need external doses.

But this does not mean neglecting to follow up with the doctor and follow his advice.


There is still no known method for preventing type 1 diabetes.

But scientists are working extensively in this field.

The researchers’ work focuses on:

Prevention of type 1 diabetes in people at high risk of developing the disease,

And they recently identified at least one drug that might slow the condition’s progression.

Preventing further destruction of islet cells in people newly diagnosed with diabetes.

Specialists can detect antibodies to type 1 diabetes in children who are at high risk of developing this disease.

Type 1 diabetes antibodies can be detected several months or even years before the onset of the first symptoms of type 1 diabetes.

Unfortunately, there is still no known way to slow down the disease or prevent infection when antibodies are found.

It is not necessary for everyone who is detected with antibodies to type 1 diabetes to develop this disease.

Finally, diabetes in children is less common, but its presence causes the mother and the entire family of discomfort and confusion.

Just make sure to learn how to discover the disease, so that you can treat it at the right time and in the right way, which will help your child to go about his life normally.

İmportant notice:

The content of the submitted articles, including all text, graphics, images, and other materials, is provided for educational purposes only.

The information provided is not a substitute for professional medical advice or professional diagnosis.

Moreover, the information on this website should not be taken as a final medical advice in relation to any case or individual situation.

We strongly recommend that you always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health service provider with any questions you may have regarding any medical condition, your general health, or the health of your child.




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