Causes of rashes in children


Causes of rashes in children

Causes of rashes in children


1 rash

2 Causes of rashes in children

3 viral causes of rashes in children

4 bacterial causes of rashes in children

5  Fungal and parasitic infections

6 Causes of rashes in newborns

7 Other causes of rashes in babies

8  Symptoms that need to see a doctor

9  tips for preventing rashes in children

10 references


Causes of rashes in children

Skin diseases are very many and cause various problems and symptoms, including severe and mild ones, as children are exposed to many of these skin diseases, which often appear in the form of a rash.

We will talk about a series of articles on this topic, as you can find our articles on our website.

In this article, we will introduce you to some other causes of rashes in children.

We will also talk about the Symptoms that need to see a doctor, in addition to some tips for preventing rashes in children.

We wish you a useful reading of this article.

Skin Rash

The rash is a swelling and irritation in an area of ​​the skin that causes one of these symptoms:

  • Redness
  • Pain
  • A troublesome itch
  • Sometimes it causes pimples and spots

The skin is the natural barrier between the body and the external environment around it.

It may undergo some changes when there is an external factor that irritates the skin, and among these changes is the rash,

 We can say that the rash is caused by exposure to allergens or irritants,

Or the rash could be a symptom of a health problem,

Also, genetic factors can increase the chances of developing a rash in some children,

It is important to determine the cause of the rash before you begin treating it.

Causes of rashes in children

Rashes in children can be caused by simple factors such as high temperature or sweating,

In other cases, it may be caused by a viral infection, an allergic reaction, or a specific health problem.

generally, most cases of rashes are easily treated and may disappear quickly.

previously articles we have talked in detail about some of the causes of rashes in children, such as:

  • Contact dermatitis
  • Eczema
  • Psoriasis
  • Heat rash
  • Diaper rash
  • Urticaria
  • Viral infection
  • Bacterial infection
  • Fungal and parasitic infection

Also, we talked in detail in previous articles about the viral causes of rashes in children, which were as follows:

  • Measles
  • Rubella
  • Chickenpox
  • Roseola Infantum
  • Erythema infectiosum
  • Molluscum Contagiosum
  • Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease
  • Herpetic Vulgaris
  • Cold sores
  • Pityriasis Rosea

We also talked about the bacterial causes of rashes in children, including:

  • Scarlatina
  • Impetigo
  • Folliculitis
  • Lyme Disease

Skin diseases resulting from fungal and parasitic infections, and we have talked in a special article about this topic, and here are some of them:

  • Scabies
  • Ringworm
  • Athlete’s Foot

There are also several types of rashes in newborns, including the following:

  • seborrheic dermatitis
  • Erythema toxicum
  • milia
  • neonatal acne

Other causes of rashes in babies

Some of the other reasons that may lead to the appearance of a rash in children can be explained as follows:

First, Kawasaki disease

It is also called Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome.

It affects children between the ages of 4-9 years.

Until now, the exact cause of infection is not known, although it is suspected that it may be caused by bacteria or a virus.

It is necessary that the child be taken to the emergency room if it is suspected that he has Kawasaki disease,

And for the lack of a specific diagnostic method; The disease is detected by several symptoms and criteria, as follows:

  • The fever rose to around 38.9 ° C or higher for five consecutive days.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
  • Redness of the tongue, lips, or throat, or chapped lips.
  • Redness of the eyes without secretions.
  • A rash with the appearance of lesions and blisters that are flat or slightly raised from the surface of the skin and are red, and are more severe in the area of ​​the feet and hands.
  • Swelling or redness of the fingers or toes, and peeling of the skin of the fingertips.
  • Other cases, which appear in some but not all cases, include:
  • Inflammation of the tissues covering the brain, known as meningitis,
  • Cholecystitis,
  • Urinary cystitis (cystitis),
  • Pericarditis
  • Arthritis.

Second, keratosis pilaris

 A non-contagious disease in which small, dry, rough skin bumps appear white or red,

Spread along the thighs, arms, back, buttocks, or cheeks,

This condition is due to the accumulation of a skin protein called keratin for an unknown reason.

And it tends to appear in the winter when the skin is dry, as its accumulation may lead to clogging of follicles and pores.

Keratosis pilaris is a common and harmless condition, and this condition often accompanies other skin diseases. Like:

 1- Dermatitis

 2- A hereditary condition that runs in the family

It affects all ages, but it is more common in children and adolescents.

They may worsen in adulthood, and often improve and disappear early in adult life.

Symptoms that need to see a doctor

Most of the time, a rash is not a serious health problem.

But you should see a doctor if the child’s skin rash is accompanied by the appearance of any of the following symptoms:

  1. High temperature.
  2. A rash appears after using a new medicine.
  3. Sore throat.
  4. pain in the joints.
  5. A rash appears after a child has been bitten by a tick.
  6. Signs of infection, such as redness and swelling.
  7. Symptoms get worse, or home remedies and advice are not effective in relieving them.
  8. Swelling of the child’s face or throat, shortness of breath,
  9. A purple rash that looks a bit like bruising.

As these are all signs that require immediate medical intervention.

Tips for preventing rashes in children

There are many diseases that cause rashes in children that can be prevented and reduced the likelihood of developing them.

Giving the child vaccinations against smallpox, mumps and measles helps to recognize the virus and attack it by the child’s immune system and prevent infection with the disease,

It is also recommended to follow some guidelines that contribute to reducing the possibility of a rash in children

Whether caused by pathogens, allergies or due to environmental factors, and some of them follow:

  • Reducing the clothes that the child wears during hot times.
  • Reducing the number of showers to prevent drying out of the skin. One or two showers a week may be sufficient for children with very dry skin.
  • Use fragrance-free shampoos, soaps, and lotions.
  • Wash baby clothes with a non-allergenic detergent.
  • Washing baby’s bedding in hot water weekly to reduce the chances of dust mites.
  • Gradually introduce new foods to the child’s diet.
  • Keep a diary on which the child eats in case he has any allergic reactions to the food.
  • Following instructions that contribute to reducing the occurrence of diaper rash, including:
  • Use absorbent gel diapers.
  • Avoid diapers or plastic pants that trap moisture.
  • Removing and changing nappies frequently when dirty.
  • Gently wash the baby’s skin with soap and water after removing the diaper.
  • Dry the skin after washing it gently by patting, and this is done with a clean towel, or it is recommended to keep it exposed to dry in the air.
  • Use of ointments recommended by the doctor on a regular basis in case the child has frequent rashes,
  • Vaseline, or petroleum jelly, and zinc oxide are effective ingredients in reducing skin irritation.
  • Wash hands well after completing the nappy change, to prevent the spread of bacteria or fungi to other parts of the child’s body or to others.
  • Following instructions that contribute to relieving the severity of the condition in children with eczema, including:
  • Take a cold shower for a short period.
  • Reducing hot baths, which may increase skin dryness.
  • Stay away from soap that may dry the skin.
  • Moisturizing the baby’s skin regularly with appropriate creams and ointments.

İmportant notice:

The content of the submitted articles, including all text, graphics, images, and other materials, is provided for educational purposes only.

The information provided is not a substitute for professional medical advice or professional diagnosis.

Moreover, the information on this website should not be taken as final medical advice in relation to any case or individual situation.

We strongly recommend that you always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health service provider with any questions you may have regarding any medical condition, your general health, or the health of your child.


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