1 Delayed speech in the child
2 Causes of speech delay in children
2.1 Physical disabilities
2.2 Verbal problems in the mouth
2.3 Mental disability and psychological issues
2.4 Hearing problems
2.5 Ear infection
2.6 Other causes of speech delay
3 Treatment of speech delay in children
Delayed speech in the child
There is a discrepancy between the abilities that children possess in many aspects that pass through them and their lives in childhood.
As the difference in starting to speak, there are children who speak at an early age in their childhood,
And there is another section that they speak late compared to other children,
In some cases, the delay is normal and does not need to be worried.
And it results from the parents’ failure to talk continuously and extensively with the child,
And in other cases, the delay is for an unnatural reason and needs follow-up and treatment by the parents,
So that they can solve the problem of speech delay in their child, and make him able to speak normally.
Causes of speech delay in children
Delayed speech in a child has a number of reasons, namely:
First: physical disabilities
Weakness in the mouth and palate can affect the child’s ability to speak,
The child’s ability to speak can also be affected by the unusual small gap, which is the fold that holds the tongue in the lower mouth.
These physical problems are often recognized by the pediatrician before the child begins to speak.
In some cases, these cases can be missed from a young age until the child begins to expose the dentist.
Second: verbal problems in the mouth
Most children suffer from difficulty speaking because there are problems in the areas of the brain responsible for speech.
This makes it difficult for the child to coordinate the lips, tongue, and jaw to produce sounds.
It is also possible for these children to suffer from other problems related to the mouth, such as difficulties with feeding,
As this problem centers on the occurrence of speech impairment in children,
The child may also have problems controlling the muscles and parts of the body that are used to speak,
These problems may exist on their own or alongside other movement difficulties such as problems with eating.
Third: mental disability and psychological issues
A variety of intellectual disabilities can cause a child to be delayed in speaking and speaking.
Examples of these disabilities include dyslexia and other learning difficulties.
In some cases, many psychological and social issues cause speech delays in children.
For example, severe neglect of a child can lead to problems with language development.
Fourth: Hearing problems
Hearing problems are usually associated with a child’s speech delay.
This is why audiologists must submit a hearing test if there is a suspicion that the child is unable to speak.
A child with a hearing impairment may also have difficulty understanding speech, and thus difficulty pronouncing it,
This renders the child unable to master and understand specific words and thus prevents him from imitating words and using the language fluently or correctly.
Fifth: ear infection
Ear infections, especially chronic infections, can affect a child’s ability to hear.
However, minor ear injuries that are treated should not affect speech.
As long as there is normal hearing in at least one ear, speech and language must develop normally.
Other causes of speech delay in children
Among the other reasons that are considered the most common in a child’s speech and speech delay:
For example, if the child’s parents do not talk to him or not together in front of him,
Or fulfill his desires without speaking, and this is what makes him economical in his speech as he is not obliged to speak, which leads to a delay in his speech.
Organic pathological causes, such as:
- Cleft palate.
- The front of the child’s tongue is tied with a tissue belt to the bottom, and in this case the child needs a simple operation under the supervision of a specialist doctor.
- Congenital hearing loss or recurrent ear infections.
- Down syndrome, autism, or some learning difficulties and other diseases that make the child’s mental abilities limited.
- Cerebral palsy or various brain disorders, such as brain injuries that occur during childbirth.
- Social reasons such as ignoring the child for long periods or shyness and fear of the child in gatherings.
- Psychological or speech reasons such as stuttering or the child’s inability to pronounce letters from their exits,
- This problem occurs as a result of the child’s constant fear or grief over the loss of a family member and others.
- The different languages of the parents, such as if each of them is of a different nationality.
- The work of the child’s family in a foreign country, which leads to delayed speech for the child as a result of dealing with two different languages.
- The presence of a foreign nanny for the child.
- Social deprivation so that the child does not spend enough time talking to others.
- Being a twin baby.
Treatment of speech delay in children
To solve the problem of delay in speaking, many steps must be taken that lead to treat this problem, namely:
- Doing many things that lead to drawing the child’s attention to different sounds, such as the
sound of the doorbell, and let the child try it more than once, and it can draw his attention
by bringing him toys that make different sounds such as the sound of animals and other sounds.
- The child’s participation when playing the game, and working on making some sounds by the mouth of the person who is playing the child.
- When talking to the child, enter some simple and easy syllables of speech, such as saying “tut”.
- Using some signs when talking with the child, such as making certain movements with the hand,
and this is when warning him in the event that he commits any mistake with the first word not with a gesture indicating that and it is by hand.
- Teaching the child his name and how to pronounce it, calling him continuously, and calling the people around him by their names.
- Keep talking to him when doing anything related to him.
- Teaching the child different colors, and that is through many methods used in that, such as colored balls.
- Gradual with the child while teaching and teaching him how to construct and pronounce some simple sentences.
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