2 The nutritional value of milk
3 Benefits of milk for children
3.1 It’s content of nutrients
3.2 Studies on the benefits of milk for children
3.3 Benefits of milk for children’s bone growth
4 Milk for babies
4.1 Can milk be given to infants?
4.2 When can you start giving cow’s milk to children?
5 harms of milk for children
5.1 The degree of safety of milk
5.2 Precautions for using milk
5.3 disadvantages of children drinking more milk
6 common questions about using milk for babies
6.1 What are the best types of milk for babies?
6.2 How much milk does the child need?
Benefits of milk for children
Milk All mammals, including humans, naturally produce milk.
It is a healthy nutritional liquid that contains beneficial elements to nourish children until they are able to eat solid food,
These nutrients help promote their growth, and from the mammals that humans depend on for milk.
Goats, sheep, camels, and cows, but the best ones are obtained from cows.
It is best for children over the age of one year, and adults, and is easy to obtain compared to other sources.
The nutritional value of milk
The following table shows the number of nutrients in one cup, or the equivalent of 244 milliliters of whole milk, which contains 3.25% of Milkfat, and is not fortified with vitamin D and vitamin A.
|Vitamin||B12 1.1 μg|
|Vitamin D||4.88 international units|
|Vitamin B1||0.112 mg|
|Vitamin B2||0.412 mg|
|Vitamin B3||0.217 mg|
|Vitamin B5||0.91 mg|
|Vitamin B6||0.088 mg|
|Vitamin K||0.732 μg|
|Vitamin E||0.171 mg|
|Vitamin A||395 International Units|
Benefits of milk for children
Milk contains nutrients
Cow’s milk is widely consumed by children and adults, and children are especially recommended to eat it due to its high nutritional value. As it is rich in potassium, iodine, vitamin B2, and other elements mentioned below with their health benefits for the body:
It is important for the health of teeth and bones, as it stimulates the process of normal blood clotting, in addition to its importance in enhancing the functions of the nervous system and muscle contraction.
Where protein is one of the nutrients necessary to enhance the functions of antibodies that contribute to reducing infection, and moreover, it supports the health of hair and skin, as it maintains muscles, hormone balance, and albumin levels in the blood.
It is needed by the enzyme responsible for converting fats and proteins to the necessary energy for the body.
Where phosphorous helps build bones and support their health.
The benefits of milk for the growth of children’s bones
Benefits of milk for children
Milk and dairy products offer many bone-health benefits.
Especially in the stages of childhood and adolescence; As the bone-building process takes place during these periods,
A 2005 study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition on girls in China ages 10-12 indicated that increasing the consumption of calcium-fortified milk increases the thickness of the two layers of the cortical bone (compact bone).
On the other hand, the same journal published in 2002 a study conducted on 50 children between the ages of 3 to 10 years, and it was observed that children who do not consume milk have low levels of calcium, which is a major component of bones.
The body needs calcium during growth to build strong and healthy bones, and the results of this study showed that not consuming cow’s milk for a long time is associated with poor bone health, in addition to short stature.
Milk for babies
Can milk be given to infants?
Do not give babies before the age of one year regular cow’s milk.
This is because it does not provide enough of the nutrients their bodies need,
Such as iron, vitamin E, and essential fatty acids, in addition to their inability to tolerate the high amounts of some nutrients in it, such as sodium, potassium, and others,
As well as their inability to digest fats and proteins found in cow’s milk.
A baby under the age of one year can get the nutrients he needs by consuming breast milk or formula
Mother’s milk contains vitamins, fats, proteins, and other nutrients needed for the child’s growth, in addition to the antibodies that help his body fight bacteria and viruses, and reduce the risk of allergies or asthma.
Interestingly, the infant’s body can absorb the nutrients in breast milk more easily compared to formula.
When can you start giving cow’s milk to children?
It is safe for children to eat cow’s milk after reaching one year of age, but care must be taken to provide them only with whole-fat milk at the age of one or two years.
This is because it contains the fats necessary for the child’s brain development at this stage,
While it is possible to provide them with low-fat milk after the age of two years.
Common questions about using milk for babies
What are the best types of milk for babies?
As mentioned earlier; Cow’s milk is the best option for children, as it provides their bodies with balanced calories from fats, essential vitamins, and proteins naturally, which cannot be obtained when consuming plant-based milk, which is commonly consumed.
Examples: coconut milk, almond milk,
It is worth noting that children need these nutrients for the growth of their bodies, and on the other hand, although these plant sources or milk alternatives are exposed to the fortification process with nutrients to obtain their benefits, it must be noted that the extent of the body’s absorption of its vitamins and minerals remains unclear.
How much milk does the baby need?
The amount of milk the child needs depends on his age, but it is usually recommended to provide children between the ages of one to two years of milk daily, while it is recommended to provide children aged 3 years and more than three cups of it daily.
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