2 Causes of rashes in children
2.1 Heat rash
2.2 Diaper rash
It is the occurrence of swelling and irritation in an area of the skin, which causes:
- A troublesome itch
- Sometimes it causes pimples and spots
The skin is the natural barrier between the body and the external environment surrounding it,
Therefore, it may undergo some changes when there is an external irritant factor, and among these changes: the rash
Which is a simple problem or symptom of a disease, and accordingly it can be said that the rash results from exposure to allergens or irritants,
Or as a symptom of a health problem, and the genetic factor can increase the chances of developing a rash for some,
Therefore, the cause that led to the appearance of the skin rash must be determined before starting to treat it.
Causes of rashes in children
Rashes in children can be caused by simple factors such as high temperature or sweating,
also, it may be caused by a viral infection, an allergic reaction, or a specific health problem.
generally, most cases of rashes are easily treated and may disappear quickly.
In what follows, we will talk about the most important reasons that may lead to the emergence of a rash in children:
First Heat rash
Heat rash or prickly heat is caused by a high temperature and sweating that clogs the pores that lead to the sweat glands.
This causes blisters and pink or red bumps, and this rash may occur in all age groups.
But it is more common in very young children, especially in hot and humid weather.
It appears in the area of skin folds; Such as the neck, armpits, thighs, or elbows,
It may appear in other areas of the body as well.
To relieve heat rash in babies, it is advised to maintain a normal temperature for the child
And avoid factors that would raise his temperature, including the following:
- Dress him in appropriate clothes that keep his skin dry and wet.
- Use of fans and air conditioners during hot times.
- Wash the areas exposed to sweating, saliva and urine frequently and dry them by light patting.
- Keeping the affected areas without clothes and exposing them to the air without applying ointments on them.
Second Diaper rash
Diaper rash is a bright red rash that develops as a result of several factors, including:
* Moisture in the diaper area, which is a suitable area for the reproduction of fungi and bacteria,
The risk of diaper rash increases if your baby has diarrhea.
That is why the area directly touching the diaper is the most affected area.
* The child wears diapers and tight clothes that rub tightly against the skin, causing irritation.
* Use of certain types of some products; Like baby wipes, diapers, or fabric freshener that is used to wash cloth diapers, or baby oils.
* Infection with Candida, which leads to the appearance of a rash in the form of wrinkles and small red spots
It starts in a limited area and then spreads to affect surrounding areas; Such as the buttocks, genitals and thighs
* Having a bacterial infection.
* The use of antibiotics for the child or his mother who is breastfeeding, which kill both good and bad bacteria
Thus, eliminating the bacteria that control the growth of fungi,
Also, antibiotics sometimes cause diarrhea as a side effect of their use, leading to diaper rash.
* It is possible that a child who is breastfed may develop diaper rash in response to a certain food his mother has eaten.
* The risk of diaper rash also increases in infants who have been fed solid foods.
When children start eating solid foods, the nature of the stool changes and the number of times they stool.
generally, children who depend on breastfeeding their food have less diaper rash compared to children who depend on formula.
This is due to the low content of their feces in manufactured substances and enzymes that can irritate the skin.
children with skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis and eczema are more likely than others to develop diaper rash.
Urticaria, or hives, is a rash that is common among children but is not contagious.
It occurs as a reaction resulting from exposure to certain triggers and allergens; Like:
- Some types of food: such as oysters, eggs, strawberries, tomatoes, cow’s milk, spices, food dyes, preservatives, nuts, or plants.
- Some medications, such as penicillin.
- the heat.
- Direct contact with some materials such as latex.
- Exposure to insect bites, such as bees and wasps.
These factors may cause an increase in the levels of histamine and some chemical messengers in the body.
This may lead to the appearance of spots slightly raised on the surface of the skin,
These spots are small, round, clear, white, pink, or red in color, and are itchy, and they can come together to form large spots.
In fact, its severity depends on the extent of the allergic reaction.
It may have a limited effect in one area of the body or it may spread to affect several areas of the body.
Hives are often mild and can be controlled by avoiding the allergen
This may include the use of insect repellants and unscented soaps.
The child may need antihistamines to soothe itchy skin.
Urticaria often takes days or weeks to appear, lasts for a few hours to a day, and does not leave scars when it disappears.
Psoriasis is a common non-infectious skin disease.
And their occurrence is due to an increase in the immune system’s activity, which causes the layers of the skin to develop at a faster rate than normal,
It is when these layers of skin do not fall out properly
Which leads to accumulation on the surface of the skin,
And the skin plaques formed in this case are thick with a color ranging from red to silver,
It is worth noting that this layer is covered with thick scales of a white to silver color and is thick and is accompanied by itching in most cases,
In this context, it is indicated that the rash associated with psoriasis may appear anywhere on the body.
However, it is most common on the neck, trunk, scalp, and elbows.
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