Baby Rashes 3
2 Causes of rashes in children
3 Viral infection
4 Roseola Infantum
5 Erythema infectiosum
The rash is a swelling and irritation in an area of the skin that causes one of these symptoms:
- A troublesome itch
- Sometimes it causes pimples and spots
The skin is the natural barrier between the body and the external environment around it.
It may undergo some changes when there is an external factor that irritates the skin, and among these changes is the rash,
We can say that the rash is caused by exposure to allergens or irritants,
Or the rash could be a symptom of a health problem,
Also, genetic factors can increase the chances of developing a rash in some children,
It is important to determine the cause of the rash before you begin treating it.
Causes of rashes in children
There are several causes and factors that a rash in children can result from, such as high temperature or sweating,
Or it could be caused by other conditions, such as a viral infection, an allergic reaction, or a specific health problem,
In general, most cases of rashes are easily treated and may disappear quickly.
The following is a statement of the most important reasons that may lead to the emergence of a rash in children:
Viral Infections may cause a rash in young children.
This rash is usually harmless and disappears on its own without the need for special treatment.
In this context, it is indicated that enteroviruses such as Coxsackieviruses that cause herpangina and hand, foot and mouth disease, are one of the most common causes of fever and rashes in children.
It is noteworthy that the rashes caused by measles, rubella, and chickenpox have become less common due to children receiving vaccines that protect against these diseases.
The following is a statement of the most prominent forms of viral infection that is accompanied by a rash in children:
Fırst Roseola Infantum:
It is a contagious viral disease that affects young children between the ages of 6 months and two years.
It is rare for children after the age of four years, and it results in several symptoms, such as:
- Sudden high fever, which often lasts for two or three days
- The appearance of a pink rash that spreads most often to the arms, neck, and trunk, and lasts from one to two days.
Second Erythema infectiosum
It is called slapped cheek syndrome, and it is also referred to as the Fifth disease.
Being one of the groups of childhood infections, which also includes measles, mumps, rubella and smallpox,
In general, infectious erythema is caused by a viral infection known as parvovirus B19.
Which is spread by exposure to infected people sneezing or coughing droplets, and can also be transmitted through blood transfusions and from the pregnant mother to the fetus,
Infectious erythema is a common infection of young children. So that its symptoms begin to appear about a week after coming into contact with the virus, represented by the appearance of mild flu symptoms,
It may last for a week, and after a few days, signs of infection appear.
Which is represented by the appearance of a bright red rash on the face, for that reason, the disease is called creaky cheeks
After a day or two, a pale rash may be observed on the legs and arms.
Sometimes the rash may itch and disappear within less than 7 days, but it may reappear again.
The symptoms of infectious erythema are not limited to these symptoms only; Rather, the disease may be accompanied by other symptoms. Sore throat and swollen glands.
Which is a viral disease caused by infection with the measles virus (Morbillivirus),
It is highly contagious and causes a rash in children and adults.
And in the form of flat pink or red spots or lesions, some of which are slightly raised from the surface of the skin,
These spots and lesions may become attached to each other as the rash spreads.
The measles rash often begins on the head and the top of the neck and then spreads to the rest of the body.
And it lasts for 4-7 days, and about 3-4 days before the rash of measles appears, small blue spots 1-2 mm in diameter may appear inside the cheeks in the mouth known as Koplik’s spots.
These small spots usually disappear after the measles rash appears, so they may go unnoticed.
The rash may be accompanied by symptoms such as fever, pain, and symptoms similar to those of the common cold.
This can be controlled by using Paracetamol and Ibuprofen, with an emphasis on the need to drink water frequently to avoid dehydration.
Usually, people with measles will recover from measles within seven to ten days without causing other health problems.
But it is necessary to see a doctor if it is believed that the child has measles
This is to take appropriate measures that will reduce the risk of spreading the infection to others.
Which causes symptoms; Like:
- Joint pain
- Runny nose
A rash that affects the neck and face area and then spreads to the rest of the body,
The rash usually begins within two days after the patient feels unwell.
And it lasts for a period of 3-5 days, and the rash is pink and the spots are flat and very small,
It is similar to the rash that appears in cases of measles, but it is less widespread and disappears more quickly.
The incubation period for rubella ranges from 14-21 days; It is the time interval between exposure to the virus and the development of disease symptoms,
And an infected person is contagious during the period from a week before the rash appears to 4 days after its onset,
It is worth noting that rubella infection occurs if the child was not previously immunized with the rubella vaccine.
And the infection spreads through exposure to sneezing or coughing spray of a person with this condition,
Rubella is usually less contagious and milder, and its symptoms do not require any treatment.
Except if the condition causes an infection in the middle ear, antibiotics may be prescribed.
In addition, there are many cases that are too mild to be detected. It is called a subclinical infection.
It is noteworthy that German measles is a dangerous disease for a pregnant woman and her fetus, as it may lead to a miscarriage or the birth of a dead fetus,
Or permanent damage to the fetus in the event of infection during pregnancy.
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