Baby Rashes 2
2 Causes of rashes in children
2.1 Contact dermatitis
2.3 Fungal and parasitic infections
It is the occurrence of swelling and irritation in an area of the skin, which causes:
- A troublesome itch
- Sometimes it causes pimples and spots
The skin is the natural barrier between the body and the external environment surrounding it,
Therefore, it may undergo some changes when there is an external irritant factor, and among these changes: the rash
Which is a simple problem or symptom of a disease, and accordingly it can be said that the rash results from exposure to allergens or irritants,
Or as a symptom of a health problem, and the genetic factor can increase the chances of developing a rash for some,
Therefore, the cause that led to the appearance of the skin rash must be determined before starting to treat it.
Causes of rashes in children
Rashes in children can be caused by simple factors such as high temperature or sweating,
some other cases, it may be caused by a viral infection, an allergic reaction, or a specific health problem.
generally, most cases of rashes are easily treated and may disappear quickly.
In what follows, we will talk about the most important reasons that may lead to the emergence of a rash in children:
First Contact Dermatitis
It is a rash caused by contact with a child to a substance that causes an allergic reaction in him,
It may also happen in some cases when touching:
- Latex gloves
- Some types of soap
- Some plants; Poison ivy, and many others
The rash usually begins within 48 hours of coming into contact with the irritant.
This results in slight red bumps and pimples on the skin,
The body may exhibit a strong allergic reaction that results in more severe symptoms.
Eczema also called atopic dermatitis,
It is a common condition in children that often begins before the age of five, and may continue into adolescence and adulthood.
It results in a rash and dry, cracked, and swollen area. Especially in the areas around the elbows and knees,
Or it may result in more serious symptoms that spread to all areas of the body,
Eczema may be related to variations in the gene that gives the skin the ability to retain moisture and protect against irritants, bacteria, and allergens.
For this reason, a personal or family history of eczema, allergies, asthma, or hay fever is a major risk factor for developing eczema.
Also, food allergies increase the likelihood of developing eczema in some children.
It is worth noting that the infection with eczema requires treatment with topical corticosteroids during periods of disease attacks.
Third Fungal and parasitic infection
Fungal and parasitic diseases can spread rapidly among school and nursery students.
This is because they share and exchange the various tools among themselves without taking healthy measures for that,
Thus, infection with fungal and parasitic diseases, including:
It is an infection that results in an itchy rash and is often worse with showering or at night.
It is caused by an infection with mite scabies, or as it is called Sarcoptes scabiei,
Which hides and multiplies under the layers of the skin,
Often there is a limited number of itch mites, ranging from 10-20, under the skin.
If larger areas of the skin are affected by itching, this may indicate that the person suffers from some type of allergy to mites.
Infection with this disease is transmitted from an infected person to another through sexual or physical contact.
It also happens about sleeping in one bed or sharing personal items and clothes.
Mite scabies can live for several days in bed and clothing.
However, it may take 4-6 weeks for symptoms of scabies to develop.
It results in a rash in the form of small, separate blisters that itch, and if severe itching persists, the resulting scratches can lead to a secondary skin infection.
And it often spreads in the arms, wrists, under the armpits, and between the fingers,
It rarely spreads to the head, the trunk of the body, and the soles of the feet, with the exception of very severe cases and cases of infants.
Which is a mild and contagious skin infection that occurs as a result of exposure to fungi,
It causes a red rash in the form of a ring with a clear center,
It is treated with over-the-counter anti-fungal creams.
And the rash can spread anywhere on the body, but the scalp, feet, and groin area are the most common.
It is worth noting that it is necessary to keep the affected child at home and prevent it from mixing with other children upon confirmation of ringworm.
This is until a full day has passed since the start of treatment, to prevent the infection from spreading to others.
3- Athlete’s Foot
It occurs as a result of a fungal infection that affects the skin and is called tinea pedis.
This condition affects people of all ages, including young children, but it is more common in adults, older children, and adolescents.
This condition results in an extremely itchy rash that spreads between the toes.
It is worth noting that young children may develop a non-fungal rash between the toes due to excessive moisture in this area.
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