Many reasons may be behind your acne, including psychological, genetic, or hormonal problems. Here are the best ways to treat it:
Acne usually begins at puberty, but it also affects adults. The percentage of adolescents infected with one of its types is approximately 80%, and there are many myths about its causes. In this article, we will review some facts and details of its treatment.
Acne consists of painful spots and lumps that form on the skin. It is more noticeable on the face, while it can appear on the back, shoulders, or buttocks. Severe love may also cause scarring.
What are the causes of acne?
Acne often forms as a result of the way the skin reacts to hormonal changes. The skin contains sebaceous glands that naturally secrete sebum, an oily substance that helps protect the skin.
Testosterone levels rise during puberty, causing excessive sebum production. This happens to both boys and girls.
Sebum can block the hair follicle. When there is an obstruction in the exit of dead skin cells from the skin, this leads to the formation of spots. The germs then multiply in the skin, causing pain and swelling (inflammation) under that blockage.
There are different types of stains:
Blackheads (comedies), which are small, clogged pores.
Whiteheads (militias), which are small solid masses with a white center.
Pustules – patches that contain a lot of visible pus.
Nodules – painful lumps that lie under the skin.
And acne is inflammatory when the skin is red and swollen as well. This needs early treatment to prevent scarring.
These spots should not be pricked or squeezed, as this can cause inflammation and scarring. The spots eventually disappear spontaneously, but they can leave redness on the skin for several weeks or months afterward.
Acne may become more severe during periods of psychological stress. It can also be affected by the menstrual cycle in women. Sometimes acne appears during pregnancy.
If you have acne, wash your skin gently with a gentle cleanser and use an oil-free moisturizer. Scratching or peeling can irritate the skin, making it look and feel sore.
Myths about acne
There are many myths about the causes of acne:
Many people think that eating chocolate or fatty food causes acne, but this is not true. There is no evidence that acne can appear due to food intake. While a balanced diet may be good for overall health, it is important to follow it.
Some people believe that acne arises as a result of poor hygiene, but this is not true. If acne forms, it will form no matter how hard a person tries to keep the skin clean. Excessive scrubbing can also make the condition worse by removing the skin’s protective oily layer.
There is a myth that wearing makeup can cause stains, but there is no evidence for this. The less you touch the skin, the fewer germs can spread to the skin. In the case of applying cosmetics, hands should be washed before applying them and always removed before going to bed.
Acne usually clears up on its own, but it can take several years. Some treatments can help remove it more quickly.
Over-the-counter treatments that can be bought at pharmacies can help treat mild acne. Ask your pharmacist for advice about which treatments can help and for how long to use these products. Results may not appear until after several weeks or months. Find your nearest pharmacy.
If the condition does not respond to over-the-counter treatments, prescription treatments can be used. The doctor assesses the condition and discusses treatment options with the patient. The patient should not be afraid to tell the doctor about the impact of acne on his life and how he feels about it.
Mild, non-inflammatory acne includes blackheads and whiteheads. Treatments include gels and lotions, which may contain retinoid (vitamin A), topical antibiotics (applied to the skin), benzoyl peroxide (which is an antibacterial), or azelaic acid.
These treatments, or a combination of them, can be used to treat mild to moderate inflammatory acne, which has some pustules and nodules. Treatment can take up to 8 weeks before you notice a difference on the skin, and treatment can last up to 6 months.
Oral contraceptives that contain estrogen may help women clear up acne.
In the case of severe acne, the GP may refer the patient to a dermatologist, who can prescribe a stronger medication called isotretinoin (Roaccutane).
It is claimed that some light and laser treatments help get rid of acne.
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